Catastrophe Chronicle – Updated Regularly

Catastrophe Chronicle – Updated Regularly
101 min read

“We are on the deathbed. Humanity cannot survive – the way it has been behaving with nature – for more than fifty years, sixty years, or, at the most, one hundred years, which is nothing. If the Third World War does not happen, then we will be committing a slow suicide. Within a hundred years, we will be gone. Not even a trace will be left.”1 Osho

See also: Osho, “Religion: The Crimes Against Nature and the Environment”

And: Priests & Politicians: The Mafia of the Soul

It is becoming increasingly clear that humanity just doesn’t have the consciousness to prevent the inexorable destruction of the only home it has.

Perhaps more fundamentally, this humanity – which is trashing out the land, the oceans, the atmosphere, and the space beyond the atmosphere – is simply being really trashy. We endlessly look outwards for solutions and almost no one is making it clear that unless we fix our trashiness, nothing can fundamentally change. Without this fundamental change in our trashy approach to the world around us, every “solution” we come up with will be deeply compromised by our trashiness!

While waiting for this obvious point to sink in, followed by a clear understanding of how to undo our trashiness, the OSHO Times can only chronicle the inevitable resultant degeneration of Planet Earth, “and all who sail in her!”

Carbon Dioxide Levels in the Atmosphere

Levels of the greenhouse gas have not been as high as today for 3-5m years, when the global temperature was 2-3C warmer and the sea level was 10-20 metres higher: The Guardian

The C02 clock is ticking here: Bloomberg Green Carbon Clock

Human Population

The population clock is ticking here: Worldometre

The Emissions Gap Report 2020

A simple graphical expression of the gap between where we are going and where we need to go to avoid the coming catastrophe. The UN Report: “Emissions Gap Report 2019: 1.5ºC goal at brink of impossible.” – UN Environment

The Unfolding Story – 2021 – Updated Regularly: 

Read 2020 Edition HERE

October 25, 2021
Yes, There Has Been Progress on Climate. No, It’s Not Nearly Enough.
“Today, thanks to rapid growth in clean energy, humanity has started to bend the emissions curve. Current policies put us on pace for roughly 3 degrees Celsius of warming by 2100 — a better result, but still devastating. Many countries have vowed to slash emissions even faster. So far those promises exist mostly on paper, but if nations follow through, the world could potentially limit total warming to around 2 to 2.4 degrees Celsius by 2100. Yet scientists and world leaders increasingly say even that much warming is too risky. To hold global temperature rise to a safer limit of 1.5 degrees Celsius, far more drastic action is needed.” – The New York Times

October 25, 2021
Climate crisis: greenhouse gas levels hit new record despite lockdowns, UN reports
“Levels of climate-heating gases in the atmosphere hit record levels in 2020, despite coronavirus-related lockdowns, the UN’s World Meteorological Organization has announced…. All key greenhouse gases (GHG) rose faster in 2020 than the average for the previous decade and this trend has continued in 2021, the WMO report found.”

October 24, 2021
The Chinese Companies Polluting the World More Than Entire Nations
“The world’s top five polluters were responsible for 60% of global emissions in 2019. China alone generated about the same amount of CO2 as the next four countries combined. And its carbon output is still rising every year.” – Bloomberg

October 23, 2021
Supersized Methane Leaks Detected in U.K. Ahead of Climate Summit
“The nation hosting crucial COP26 talks to tackle global warming is also home to some of the worst methane emissions in Europe. One of the most significant outcomes of next week’s COP26 climate summit may be a pledge by dozens of countries to cut emissions of methane, the superpotent greenhouse gas. That will require the U.K. hosts to do some major cleaning up at home.” – Bloomberg

October 22, 2021
Xi Says China Must Secure Energy Supply in ‘Its Own Hands’
“President Xi Jinping told oil workers that China must secure its own energy supply, signaling a continued role for fossil fuels in the nation’s efforts to meet power demands.” – Bloomberg

October 22, 2021 (Updated)
The U.S.’s Best Hope For Real Climate Policy Is Fizzling. What Happens Now?
“After months of negotiations, Sen. Joe Manchin (D-W.Va.), whose home state and personal fortune depend on the continued burning of heavily polluting coal, appears to have effectively blocked inclusion of the president’s Clean Electricity Performance Program.” – HuffPost

October 22, 2021
The Production Gap: Governments’ planned fossil fuel production remains dangerously out of sync with Paris Agreement limits
“The damages are widespread, rapid, and intensifying. The report also serves as a clarion call that while there is still time to limit long-term warming to 1.5°C, that window of opportunity is rapidly closing. – 2021 Report 

October 21, 2021
Climate Change Poses a Widening Threat to National Security
“Intelligence and defense agencies issued reports warning that the warming planet will increase strife between countries and spur migration. Worsening conflict within and between nations. Increased dislocation and migration as people flee climate-fueled instability. Heightened military tension and uncertainty. Financial hazards.” – The New York Times

October 21, 2021
In Australia, It’s ‘Long Live King Coal’
“The country has fallen behind other developed nations in its commitment to slashing carbon emissions. Neither fires nor international pressure has pushed it away from coal and other fossil fuels. At a time when climate change and those who fight it demand that coal be treated like tobacco, as a danger everywhere it is burned, Australia is increasingly seen as the guy at the end of the bar selling cheap cigarettes and promising to bring more tomorrow.” – The New York Times

October 21, 2021
COP26: Document leak reveals nations lobbying to change key climate report
“A huge leak of documents seen by BBC News shows how countries are trying to change a crucial scientific report on how to tackle climate change. The leak reveals Saudi Arabia, Japan and Australia are among countries asking the UN to play down the need to move rapidly away from fossil fuels. It also shows some wealthy nations are questioning paying more to poorer states to move to greener technologies.” – BBC

October 21, 2021
Plastics Will Create More Climate Pollution Than Coal In U.S. By 2030, New Study Finds
It’s widely understood that plastics litter the oceans and kill animals. But its huge and growing impact on global warming has evaded public scrutiny. Plastics are everywhere. From the stomachs of deep-sea fish to human feces, Arctic snow to gusts of wind in the remote wilderness, the oil and gas byproduct has, barely a century after it was first synthesized in a laboratory, become a ubiquitous feature of virtually every ecosystem on Earth and every aspect of modern life…. Plastics already produce 3.8% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions throughout their lifecycle, roughly double the planet-heating pollution spewed by airplanes. By the end of this decade, the plastics industry in the United States alone is on pace to eclipse the carbon footprint of the country’s remaining coal-fired power plants.” – HuffPost

October 21, 2021
Scientists part of team that points to strong connection between climate change, plastics pollution
“At the root of global climate change and the worldwide plastics problem are two related carbon-based fuels — oil and natural gas. Not only are the two among the key drivers of climate change, they are instrumental in the manufacturing of plastics. As storms intensify and become more frequent, the movement of trash from land to our oceans and, and vice versa, is only going to get worse.” – ScienceDaily

October 21, 2021
Northern lakes warming six times faster in the past 25 years
“‘We found that lakes are losing on average 17 days of ice cover per century. Alarmingly, what we found is that warming in the past 25 years, from 1992 to 2016, was six times faster than any other period in the last 100 years….'” – ScienceDaily

October 21, 2021
U.S. Warns Climate Poses ‘Emerging Threat’ to Financial System
“Climate change is an “emerging threat” to the stability of the U.S. financial system, top federal regulators warned in a report on Thursday, setting the stage for the Biden administration to take more aggressive regulatory action to prevent climate change from upending global markets and the economy.” – The New York Times

October 21, 2021
Climate Change Poses a Widening Threat to National Security
“Worsening conflict within and between nations. Increased dislocation and migration as people flee climate-fueled instability. Heightened military tension and uncertainty. Financial hazards. The Biden administration released several reports Thursday about climate change and national security, laying out in stark terms the ways in which the warming world is beginning to significantly challenge stability worldwide. – The New York Times

October 20, 2021
COP Aims to End Coal, But the World Is Still Addicted
“The burning of coal represents the biggest single obstacle to meeting the Paris Agreement goal of limiting warming to 1.5C…. But the dramatic rally in prices in recent weeks shows ever more clearly that it’s nowhere near enough. Humanity remains deeply dependent on coal.” – Bloomberg

October 20, 2021
Fossil Fuel Drilling Plans Undermine Climate Pledges, U.N. Report Warns
“Even as world leaders vow to take stronger action on climate change, many countries are still planning to dramatically increase their production of oil, gas and coal in the decades ahead, potentially undermining those lofty pledges, according to a United Nations-backed report released Tuesday. The report looked at future mining and drilling plans in 15 major fossil fuel producing countries, including the United States, Saudi Arabia, Russia, Canada, China, India and Norway. Taken together, those countries are currently planning to produce more than twice as much oil, gas and coal through 2030 as would be needed if governments want to limit warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) above preindustrial levels.” – The New York Times

October 20, 2021
Climate plan urging plant-based diet shift deleted
“A government research paper recommending people “shift dietary habits” towards plant-based foods has been hastily deleted.” – BBC

October 20, 2021
If the US could get on a war footing in 1941, we can tackle the climate emergency
“Drastic action is required to stop the Earth’s systems flipping into new states. Now should be our Pearl Harbor moment.” – The Guardian

October 20, 2021
Changing ocean currents are driving extreme winter weather
“Throughout Earth’s oceans runs a conveyor belt of water. Its churning is powered by differences in the water’s temperature and saltiness, and weather patterns around the world are regulated by its activity. A pair of researchers studied the Atlantic portion of this worldwide conveyor belt called the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, or AMOC, and found that winter weather in the United States critically depends on this conveyor belt-like system. As the AMOC slows because of climate change, the U.S. will experience more extreme cold winter weather.” – ScienceDaily

October 20, 2021
How to Stop 30 Years of Failing to Cut Emissions
“In the three decades since 1990, as countries such as China and India followed the same development path as the U.S. and Europe, human civilization burned ever-increasing amounts of fossil fuels. Rich countries, in particular, had any number of opportunities to take stock and reverse course. Most refused. Now it’s a race against those emissions.” – Bloomberg Green

October 20, 2021
It’s time for philanthropy to step up the fight against climate change
“In 2020, US-based grant makers disbursed almost $64 billion. Of that, about $320 million went directly toward climate change (0.5%).” – McKinsey

October 20, 2021
Climate change: Fossil fuel production set to soar over next decade
“Plans by governments to extract fossil fuels up to 2030 are incompatible with keeping global temperatures to safe levels, says the UN.The UNEP production gap report says countries will drill or mine more than double the levels needed to keep the 1.5C threshold alive.” – BBC

October 19, 2021
How quickly does the climate recover?
“It took the climate 20,000 to 50,000 years to stabilize after the rise in global temperatures of five to eight degrees Celsius 56 million years ago.” – ScienceDaily

October 19, 2021
‘Case closed’: 99.9% of scientists agree climate emergency caused by humans
“Trawl of 90,000 studies finds consensus, leading to call for Facebook and Twitter to curb disinformation.” – The Guardian

October 19, 2021
Turkmenistan’s Dirty Secret
“The former Soviet republic is one of the world’s worst emitters of planet-warming methane. Its exported natural gas is becoming crucial to China.
Since methane has more than 80 times the warming power of carbon dioxide when it first enters the atmosphere, this one leak had a climate impact roughly equivalent to the annual emissions of all the cars in Arizona…. Of the 50 most severe methane releases at onshore oil and gas operations analyzed since 2019 by monitoring firm Kayrros SAS, Turkmenistan accounted for 31 of them…. it’s not at all clear how Turkmenistan can be persuaded to reduce its climate impacts. Led by Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov, a dentist-turned-dictator who was reelected as president in 2017 with a purported 98% of the vote, Turkmenistan is one of the most repressive places on the planet.” – Bloomberg

October 18, 2021
Factory farms of disease: how industrial chicken production is breeding the next pandemic
“At least eight types of bird flu, all of which can kill humans, are circulating around the world’s factory farms – and they could be worse than Covid-19. One day last December, 101,000 chickens at a gigantic farm near the city of Astrakhan in southern Russia started to collapse and die. Tests by the state research centre showed that a relatively new strain of lethal avian flu known as H5N8 was circulating… But the Astrakhan incident was different. When 150 workers at the farm were tested, five women and two men were found to have the disease, albeit mildly. It was the first time that H5N8 had been known to jump from birds to humans.” – The Guardian

October 18, 2021

Lakes are changing worldwide: Human activities to blame
“Worldwide, lake temperatures are rising and seasonal ice cover is shorter and thiner. This effects lake ecosystems, drinking water supply and fishing. International research now shows that these global changes in lake temperature and ice cover are not due to natural climate variability. They can only be explained by massive greenhouse gas emissions since the Industrial Revolution.” – ScienceDaily

October 15, 2021
The five biggest threats to our natural world … and how we can stop them
“From destructive land use to invasive species, scientists have identified the main drivers of biodiversity loss – so that countries can collectively act to tackle them…. The world’s wildlife populations have plummeted by more than two-thirds since 1970 – and there are no signs that this downward trend is slowing.” – The Guardian

October 14, 2021
The Southern Ocean’s role in driving global carbon cycle stronger than expected
“The Southern Ocean’s role in driving the global carbon cycle may be stronger than expected as the biological carbon pump is not “switched off” in winter as previously thought.” – ScienceDaily

October 14, 2021
Expansion of wind and solar power too slow to stop climate change
“The production of renewable energy is increasing every year. But after analyzing the growth rates of wind and solar power in 60 countries, researchers conclude that virtually no country is moving sufficiently fast to avoid global warming of 1.5°C or even 2°C.” – ScienceDaily

October 14, 2021 
The climate disaster is here
“Earth is already becoming unlivable. Will governments act to stop this disaster from getting worse?… ‘We have built a civilization based on a world that doesn’t exist anymore,” as Katherine Hayhoe, a climate scientist at Texas Tech University, puts it.’… Cranking up the temperature of the entire globe this much within little more than a century is, in fact, extraordinary, with the oceans alone absorbing the heat equivalent of five Hiroshima atomic bombs dropping into the water every second.” – The Guardian

October 14, 2021
By 2500 Earth could be alien to humans
“To fully grasp and plan for climate impacts under any scenario, researchers and policymakers must look well beyond the 2100 benchmark. Unless CO2 emissions drop significantly, global warming by 2500 will make the Amazon barren, the American Midwest tropical, and India too hot to live in, according to a team of international scientists.” – ScienceDaily

October 14, 2021
Scientists discover large rift in the Arctic’s last bastion of thick sea ice
“The 3,000-square-kilometer gap in the ice may signal that the Last Ice Area is not as resilient as previously thought.” – ScienceDaily

October 10, 2021
Biodiversity loss risks ‘ecological meltdown’ – scientists
“The UK is one of the world’s most nature-depleted countries – in the bottom 10% globally and last among the G7 group of nations, new data shows. It has an average of about half its biodiversity left, far below the global average of 75%, a study has found. A figure of 90% is considered the “safe limit” to prevent the world from tipping into an ‘ecological meltdown.’ according to researchers.” – BBC

October 9, 2021
‘Spillover’ diseases are emerging faster than ever before—thanks to humans
“The growing human population, increasing globalisation, and environmental damage are all accelerating the process, says William Karesh, an executive vice president at EcoHealth Alliance, a New York-based nonprofit that studies zoonoses, or diseases that spread between animals and humans. ‘The laws of biology haven’t changed, but the playing field has changed dramatically,’ he says. The result: Dangerous new human diseases are emerging at unprecedented rates, including Marburg virus, avian flu, AIDS, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Nipah virus, swine flu, Ebola, Lyme disease, chikungunya, Zika, dengue, Lassa fever, yellow fever, and now COVID-19. Some 2.5 billion people are infected with zoonotic diseases each year, and because many of these ailments have no cure, they kill about 2.7 million annually, according to the U.S. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention.” – National Geographic

October 7, 2021
Unprecedented rise of heat and rainfall extremes in observational data
“A 90-fold increase in the frequency of monthly heat extremes in the past ten years compared to 1951-1980 has been found by scientists in observation data…. Record daily rainfall events also increased in a non-linear way — on average, 1 in 4 rainfall records in the last decade can be attributed to climate change. Already today, extreme events linked to human-caused climate change are at unprecedented levels, the scientists say, and they must be expected to increase further.” – ScienceDaily

October 6, 2021
Fossil fuel industry gets subsidies of $11m a minute, IMF finds
“Trillions of dollars a year are ‘adding fuel to the fire’ of the climate crisis, experts say…. The IMF found the production and burning of coal, oil and gas was subsidised by $5.9tn in 2020, with not a single country pricing all its fuels sufficiently to reflect their full supply and environmental costs.” – The Guardian

October 6, 2021
U.N. weather agency says world ill-prepared for ‘looming water crisis’
“Most countries are ill-equipped to handle what the United Nations said Tuesday is a “looming” global water crisis caused by climate change and population growth…. Currently, more than 2 billion people live in ‘water-stressed countries’ where they lack access to safe drinking water and sanitation, according to the report ‘The State of Climate Services 2021: Water.'” – The Washington Post

October 5, 2021
Climate Change Is Devastating Coral Reefs Worldwide, Major Report Says
“The world lost 14 percent of its coral in just a decade, researchers found.” – The New York Times

October 5, 2021
China Orders Banks to Ramp Up Funding to Boost Coal Output
“Another step in its efforts to ease a power crunch and ensure supplies this winter.” – Bloomberg

October 5, 2021
India Houses Half of All People Vulnerable to Life-Threatening Heat
“Global heating is disproportionally affecting city dwellers in the world’s second-most populous nation….The researchers found that more than half the people on Earth who face life-threatening heat stress caused by climate change live in India. Urban dwellers in world’s second-most populous nation have borne the brunt of global warming over the last three decades, and the risks to their health are poised to rise…. India has 17 of the 50 cities most affected by heat stress. New Delhi ranked second, while Bangladesh’s capital Dhaka topped the list…. ‘Almost one in five people on Earth experienced increases in exposure to urban heat over the past 30 years.'” – Bloomberg

October 4, 2021
Almost one-in-three people globally will still be mainly using polluting cooking fuels in 2030, research shows
“A major source of disease and environmental destruction and devastation — in 2030, new research warned. This rises to more than four-in-five in Sub-Saharan Africa, where the number of people mainly using polluting fuels is growing at an alarming rate.” – ScienceDaily

October 4, 2021
Exposure to deadly urban heat worldwide has tripled in recent decades, says study
A fifth of world population is affected; many U.S. cities on list. – ScienceDaily

October 4, 2021
Could Fossil Fuel Companies Ever Be Tried for Crimes Against Humanity?
“The list of damages is long from turning parts of the Amazon into a toxic sacrifice zone to lying about climate change for decades and locking up the political means to deal with it, putting humanity in grave danger. For this week’s Giz Asks, we reached out to a number of experts to find out.” – Gozmodo

October 3, 2021
Energy Crisis Adds New Hurdle to COP26 Goal of Ending Coal
“The energy supply crisis is showing how difficult ending the dependence on fossil fuels would be. China is driving demand for coal as it tries to secure the fuel to keep the lights on and factories running. Europe, which remains reliant on gas supplies from Russia, is seeing its companies seeking more coal for electricity generation ahead of winter with gas prices at record highs and supply hard to come by.” – Bloomgerg

October 1,2021
Firefighters are trying to keep sequoias around throughs their 3000th birthdays. Here’s How
With some standing taller than the Statue of Liberty, sequoias are not only some of the largest trees in the world but also some of the most ancient. Their impressive height make them a natural wonder at the slopes of the Sierra Nevada – the only place in the world where they grow.” – The Washington Post

October 1, 2021
How fossil fuel companies use propaganda and disinformation to derail efforts to tackle climate change
“Oil companies use cunning tactics to stop action on climate change, a professor said…. Mr Supran, speaking to the Harvard Gazette, said companies like ExxonMobil have gone to tremendous effort to promote doubt about climate change…. He also spoke about another ExxonMobil manager, who described the effort by former company chairman and chief executive Rex Tillerson in the mid-2000s as an effort to ‘carefully reset’ the company’s profile on climate change so that it would be ‘more sustainable and less exposed.’ Tillerson later served as former President Trump’s secretary of state. ‘They did so by drawing straight from the tobacco industry’s playbook of threading a very fine rhetorical needle, using language about climate change just strong enough to be able to deny that they haven’t warned the public, but weak enough to exculpate them from charges of having marketed a deadly product,’ Mr Supran added.” – Independent

September 29, 2021
Brazilian Amazon’s Tipping Point May Already Be Here
“The destruction of Brazil’s rainforest may have passed the point of no return. But the perpetrators of its demise aren’t just government officials doing the bidding of far-right President Jair Bolsonaro or the industrial farmers profiting from clear-cutting. It’s all about demand, and voracious consumers the world over are also fueling the frenzy that’s killing the ‘lungs of the Earth.’” – Bloomberg – [Rate of Tree Loss]

September 29, 2021

Ivory-billed woodpecker officially declared extinct, along with 22 other species
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s move underscores what scientists say is an accelerating rate of extinction worldwide, given climate change and habitat loss…. Even the scientist who wrote the obit cried. ‘This is not an easy thing,’ said Amy Trahan, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service biologist who reviewed the evidence and wrote the report concluding the ivory bill ‘no longer exists.’ ‘Nobody wants to be a part of that,’ she added, choking up in a Zoom interview. ‘Just having to write those words was quite difficult. It took me awhile.’ – The Washington Post

September 29, 2021
‘Green growth’ doesn’t exist – less of everything is the only way to avert catastrophe
“It is simply not possible to carry on at the current level of economic activity without destroying the environment…. Everywhere, governments seek to ramp up the economic load, talking of ‘unleashing our potential’ and ‘supercharging our economy.’ Boris Johnson insists that ‘a global recovery from the pandemic must be rooted in green growth.’ But there is no such thing as green growth. Growth is wiping the green from the Earth.” – The Guardian

September 28, 2021
‘Build back better, blah blah blah’: Greta Thunberg mocks Joe Biden and Boris Johnson in climate speech
“At the climate gathering, Greta said: ‘Build back better. Blah, blah, blah. Green economy. Blah blah blah. Net-zero by 2050. Blah, blah, blah.’ Many politicians, notably PM Boris Johnson and US President Joe Biden, have regularly used these slogans and terms in speeches.” – Independent

September 27, 2021
Cop26 climate talks will not fulfil aims of Paris agreement, key players warn
“The UN, the UK hosts and other major figures involved in the talks have privately admitted that the original aim of the Cop26 summit will be missed, as the pledges on greenhouse gas emissions cuts from major economies will fall short of the halving of global emissions this decade needed to limit global heating to 1.5C.” – The Guardian

September 24, 2021
Takeaways from AP and Univision China Fishing Investigation
“Of the 30 vessels the AP observed up close, 24 have been accused of labor abuses or showed signs of possibly violating maritime law. Specifically, 16 ships either sailed with their mandatory safety transponders turned off, broadcast multiple electronic IDs or transmitted information that didn’t match its listed name or location — discrepancies that are often associated with illegal fishing….” – AP

September 22, 2021
Over 120 scientific experts’ global ocean report shows unprecedented climate change impact, as Arctic registers record low ice levels
“Arctic ice levels logged in the last two years have reached record lows, whilst per decade have — on average since 1979 to 2020 — dropped by nearly 13%, a new vast report on the ocean worldwide shows.” – ScienceDaily

September 14, 2021
World Faces Growing Risk of Food Shortages Due to Climate Change
“Food supplies will struggle to keep pace with the world’s growing population as climate change sends temperatures soaring and droughts intensify, according to a report from Chatham House. Yields of staple crops could decline by almost a third by 2050 unless emissions are drastically reduced in the next decade, while farmers will need to grow nearly 50% more food to meet global demand, the think tank said…. Food prices are already near a decade high, fueled by supply chain disruptions during the pandemic and extreme weather. Wheat prices surged over the summer due to crop losses in some of the biggest exporters.” – Bloomberg

September 14, 2021
Climate change: Young people very worried – survey
“Over half (56%) say they think humanity is doomed…. The survey across 10 countries was led by Bath University in collaboration with five universities. It’s funded by the campaign and research group Avaaz. It claims to be the biggest of its kind, with responses from 10,000 people aged between 16 and 25. Many of those questioned perceive that they have no future, that humanity is doomed, and that governments are failing to respond adequately. Many feel betrayed, ignored and abandoned by politicians and adults.” – BBC

September 14, 2021
90% of global farm subsidies damage people and planet, says UN
“Almost half a trillion dollars of support a year harms people’s health, the climate and drives inequality…. This agricultural support damages people’s health, fuels the climate crisis, destroys nature and drives inequality by excluding smallholder farmers, many of whom are women, according to the UN agencies. The biggest sources of greenhouse gas emissions, such as beef and milk, received the biggest subsidies, the report said. These are often produced by large industrialised groups that are best placed to gain access to subsidies.” – The Guardian 

September 13, 2021
Rain fell on Greenland’s ice sheet for the first time ever known. Alarms should ring
“Climate scientists believe that if Greenland continues to rapidly melt, tens of millions of people around the world could face yearly flooding and displacement by 2030.” – The Guardian

September 13, 2021
Meat accounts for nearly 60% of all greenhouse gases from food production, study finds
Production of meat worldwide emits 28 times as much as growing plants, and most crops are raised to feed animals bound for slaughter. The global production of food is responsible for a third of all planet-heating gases emitted by human activity, with the use of animals for meat causing twice the pollution of producing plant-based foods, a major new study has found. – The Guardian

September 10, 2021
Climate change risks triggering catastrophic tsunamis, scientist warns
“The world is underestimating the geological penalties of world warming, which might set off catastrophic earthquakes and tsunamis because the melting of ice sheets reduces the burden on the crust beneath and unleashes intense seismic exercise, a number one earth scientist has warned. “Because the Greenland ice cap melts, the uplift within the crust goes to set off earthquakes,” stated McGuire. …there may very well be a tsunami proper throughout the north Atlantic. Its impression is likely to be akin to the 2004 Boxing Day tsunami that killed greater than 200,000 individuals across the Indian Ocean, he stated.” – Ewns News

September 7, 2021
20 meat and dairy firms emit more greenhouse gas than Germany, Britain or France
Twenty livestock companies are responsible for more greenhouse gas emissions than either Germany, Britain or France – and are receiving billions of dollars in financial backing to do so, according to a new report by environmental campaigners. Raising livestock contributes significantly to carbon emissions, with animal agriculture accounting for 14.5% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions. – The Guardian

September 7, 2021
Wildlife ‘Red List’ a grim tally of extinction threat “The world will get an update Saturday of the Red List of Threatened Species, the authoritative catalogue of how many of the planet’s animal and plant species are teetering on the brink of extinction due to human activity. Experts for the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) have assessed nearly 135,000 species over the last half-century, and almost 28 percent are currently at risk of vanishing forever. Habitat loss, overexploitation and illegal trade have hammered global wildlife populations, but scientists say they are increasingly worried about the looming threats of climate change.” –

September 6, 2021
Over 200 health journals call on world leaders to address ‘catastrophic harm to health’ from climate change
“Calling on world leaders to take emergency action to limit global temperature increases, halt the destruction of nature, and protect health. While recent targets to reduce emissions and conserve biodiversity are welcome, they are not enough and are yet to be matched with credible short and longer term plans, it warns.” – ScienceDaily

September 1, 2021
Warming Atlantic drives right whales towards extinction
“Warming oceans have driven the critically endangered North Atlantic right whale population from its traditional and protected habitat, exposing the animals to more lethal ship strikes, disastrous commercial fishing entanglements and greatly reduced calving rates. Without improving its management, the right whale populations will decline and potentially become extinct in the coming decades, according to a recent report.” – ScienceDaily

September 1, 2021
Air pollution is slashing years off the lives of billions, report finds
Dirty air is a far greater killer than smoking, car crashes or HIV/Aids, with coal burning the leading cause…. Coal burning is the principal culprit, the researchers said, and India is worst affected, with the average citizen dying six years early…. ‘Air pollution is the greatest external threat to human health on the planet, and that is not widely recognised, or not recognised with the force and vigour that one might expect,’ said Prof Michael Greenstone at the University of Chicago…. ‘The average global citizen loses 2.2 years of life with today’s levels of air pollution and, if nothing changes, that adds up to 17bn lost years,’ Greenstone said. “What else on the planet is causing people to lose 17bn years of life?'” – The Guardian

August 31, 2021
Up to half of world’s wild tree species could be at risk of extinction
“Between a third and half of the world’s wild tree species are threatened with extinction, posing a risk of wider ecosystem collapse, the most comprehensive global stocktake to date warns. Forest clearance for farming is by far the biggest cause of the die-off, according to the State of the World’s Trees report, which was released on Wednesday along with a call for urgent action to reverse the decline.” – The Guardian

August 31, 2021
Extreme sea levels to become much more common worldwide as Earth warms
“Critical coastal events, happening once a century in recent times, to occur every year on average.” – ScienceDaily

August 30, 2021
Witness in US climate-change law suit tells all
“BOOK REVIEW: “They Knew: The US Federal Government’s Fifty-Year Role in Causing the Climate Crisis” James Gustave Speth MIT Press (2021)…. In their introduction to the book, Julia Olson and Philip Gregory, counsel for the plaintiffs, explain that they had to demonstrate that the government had both allowed and knowingly created the alleged harms. This required them to prove that the conduct of the federal government was a primary cause of the US addiction to fossil fuels, the point Speth’s report was commissioned to demonstrate.” – Nature

August 26, 2021
The Real Existential Threat Is Our Overheating Planet
“‘China has invested heavily in new technologies, with a stated intent to complete the modernization of its forces by 2035 and to field a ‘world-class military” by 2049,’ Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin testified in June…. By 2049, the Chinese military (or what’s left of it) will be so busy coping with a burning, flooding, churning world of climate change—threatening the country’s very survival—that it will possess scant capacity, no less the will, to launch a war with the United States or any of its allies.” – The Nation

August 25, 2021
Pollution From Power Generators Now Exceeds Pre-Pandemic Levels
“Emissions from the power sector rebounded in the first half of the year and are now 5% higher than in the same period in 2019, prior to the Covid-19 pandemic, according to a report by London-based researcher Ember. That’s because utilities are using more coal to meet electricity demand that also rose by 5%.” – Bloomberg

August 22, 2021
The Middle East is running out of water, and parts of it are becoming uninhabitable
The region has witnessed persistent drought and temperatures so high that they are barely fit for human life. Add climate change to water mismanagement and overuse, and projections for the future of water here are grim…. The consequences of water becoming even scarcer are dire: Areas could become uninhabitable; tensions over how to share and manage water resources like rivers and lakes could worsen; more political violence could erupt. – CNN

August 20, 2021
Deforestation in Brazilian Amazon hits highest annual level in a decade
“Between August 2020 and July 2021, the rainforest lost 10.476 square kilometers – an area nearly seven times bigger than greater London and 13 times the size of New York City…. “Deforestation is still out of control,” Carlos Souza, a researcher at Imazon a Brazilian research institute that has been tracking the Amazon deforestation since 2008. The figure is 57% higher than in the previous year and is the worst since 2012.” – The Guardian

August 20, 2021
First ever recorded rainfall in Greenland’s ice sheet summit causes ‘widespread’ melting
“Nearly seven billion tons of rain lashed the Greenland ice sheet over a three-day period, say researchers.” – Independent

August 20, 2021
A billion children at ‘extreme risk’ from climate impacts – Unicef
“Report launched with youth activists including Greta Thunberg paints ‘unimaginably dire’ picture. Almost half the world’s 2.2 billion children are already at “extremely high risk” from the impacts of the climate crisis and pollution, according to a report from Unicef…. Nearly every child around the world was at risk from at least one of these impacts today, including heatwaves, floods, cyclones, disease, drought, and air pollution, the report said. But 1 billion children live in 33 countries facing three or four impacts simultaneously.” – The Guardian

August 19, 2021
This Is the World Being Left to Us by Adults
“Last week, some of the world’s leading climate change scientists confirmed that humans are making irreversible changes to our planet and extreme weather will only become more severe. This news is a ‘code red for humanity,’ said the United Nations secretary general. It is — but young people like us have been sounding this alarm for years. You just haven’t listened.” – The New York Times

August 17, 2021
Global water crisis will intensify with climate breakdown, says report
“Flooding, droughts and wildfires will worsen as global heating disrupts the planet’s water cycle…. Extreme rainfall intensifies by 7% for each additional 1C of global heating, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.” – The Guardian

August 12, 2021
Greenhouse gas emissions must peak within 4 years, says leaked UN report
“Group of scientists release draft IPCC report as they fear it will be watered down by governments. Global greenhouse gas emissions must peak in the next four years, coal and gas-fired power plants must close in the next decade and lifestyle and behavioural changes will be needed to avoid climate breakdown, according to the leaked draft of a report from the world’s leading authority on climate science. Rich people in every country are overwhelmingly more responsible for global heating than the poor, with SUVs and meat-eating singled out for blame, and the high-carbon basis for future economic growth is also questioned.” – The Guardian

August 11, 2021
Global warming begets more warming, new paleoclimate study finds
“Researchers observe a ‘warming bias’ over the past 66 million years that may return if ice sheets disappear…. ‘Humans are forcing the system in a new way. And this study is showing that, when we increase temperature, we’re likely going to interact with these natural, amplifying effects.'” – ScienceDaily

August 9, 2021
In-depth Q&A: The IPCC’s sixth assessment report on climate science
“The authors conclude that it is ‘unequivocal’ that humans have warmed the planet, causing ‘widespread and rapid’ changes to Earth’s oceans, ice and land surface…. Many of these changes – particularly to the oceans, ice sheets and global sea levels – are ‘irreversible,’ the authors say. Abrupt changes and ‘tipping points’ – such as rapid Antarctic ice sheet melt and forest dieback – ‘cannot be ruled out.'” –  CarbonBrief

August 9, 2021
Five Key Takeaways From the Latest IPCC Report on Climate Change 1. The last decade was hotter than any period in 125,000 years. 2. Scientists can now link specific weather events to human-made climate change. 3. Scientists have narrowed the estimated range for how temperatures respond to greenhouse-gas emissions. 4. The Earth rewards good behavior. 5. The IPCC’s volunteer scientists build consensus with all UN governments before releasing this report. “The new report begins with a definitive statement: “It is unequivocal that human influence has warmed the atmosphere, ocean and land.” Tom Evans, climate diplomacy researcher at the think tank E3G, put the implication succinctly: “No government has any excuse to duck their responsibility to act.” – Bloomberg Green

August 9, 2021
Global ocean warming started later in the 20th century than previously estimated
Summary:In estimations of ocean heat content — important when assessing and predicting the effects of climate change – calculations have often presented the rate of warming as a gradual rise from the mid-20th century to today. However, new research could overturn that assumption, suggesting the ocean maintained a relatively steady temperature throughout most of the 20th century, before embarking on a steep rise…. After 1990….” – ScienceDaily

August 8, 2021
Heatwave turns Kazakhstan steppe into mass grave for horses – Independent

August 6, 2021
Present at the Creation of a Climate Alliance—or Climate Conflict
“The United States and Europe are on the brink of decisions that could save the planet—or tear apart the West.” – Foreign Policy

August 5, 2021
Climate crisis: Scientists spot warning signs of Gulf Stream collapse
“Climate scientists have detected warning signs of the collapse of the Gulf Stream, one of the planet’s main potential tipping points. The research found “an almost complete loss of stability over the last century” of the currents that researchers call the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC). The currents are already at their slowest point in at least 1,600 years, but the new analysis shows they may be nearing a shutdown.” – The Guardian

August 2, 2021
Climate crisis: Siberian heatwave led to new methane emissions, study says
“If the climate crisis worsens and temperatures continue to rise, large methane releases remain possibility in the long term and must be better understood, the scientists said. Methane is 84 times more powerful in trapping heat than carbon dioxide over a 20-year period and has caused about 30% of global heating to date. Its concentration in the atmosphere is now at two and a half times pre-industrial levels and continuing to rise, but most of this has come from fossil fuel exploitation, cattle, rice paddies and waste dumps…. The study concluded with the suggestion that ‘permafrost thaw does not only release microbial methane from formerly frozen soils, but also, and potentially in much higher amounts, [fossil] methane from reservoirs below. As a result, the permafrost–methane feedback may be much more dangerous than suggested by studies accounting for microbial methane alone.’” – The Guardian

August 2, 2021
Climate crisis has cost Colorado billions – now it wants oil firms to pick up the bill
“ExxonMobil and Suncor face lawsuits in the western state but big oil’s apologists say the US consumer is to blame for emissions…. ‘It is far more difficult to change it now than it would have been if the companies had been honest about what they knew 30 or 50 years ago,’ said Marco Simons, general counsel for Earth Rights International, which is handling the lawsuit for the county. ‘That is probably the biggest tragedy here. Communities in this country and around the world were essentially robbed of their options.'” – The Guardian

July 30, 2021
Global Warming Will Kill 83 Million People in the Next 80 Years Mortality Cost of Carbon

“A population equivalent to that of Germany — 83 million people — could be killed by 2100 because of rising temperatures caused by greenhouse-gas emissions, according to a new study that might influence how markets price carbon pollution.” – Bloomberg Green 

July 29, 2021
A Carbon Calculation: How Many Deaths Do Emissions Cause?
“A new study looks at “the mortality cost of carbon”: lives lost or gained as emissions change over time…. R. Daniel Bressler, a Ph.D. candidate at Columbia University, calculated that adding about a quarter of the output of a coal-fired power plant, or roughly a million metric tons of carbon dioxide, to the atmosphere on top of 2020 levels for just one year will cause 226 deaths globally. By comparison, the lifetime emissions beyond 2020 levels of a handful of Americans (3.5, to be precise) will result in one additional heat-related death in this century.” – New York Times

July 29, 2021
The Amazon Is Fast Approaching a Point of No Return
“Brazil’s rainforest is being stolen and cleared at an accelerating pace, and the Bolsonaro government is fanning the flames.” – Bloomberg

July 28, 2021
Earth’s vital signs worsen amid business-as-usual mindset on climate change
“‘There is growing evidence we are getting close to or have already gone beyond tipping points associated with important parts of the Earth system, including warm-water coral reefs, the Amazon rainforest and the West Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets,’ said Ripple, distinguished professor of ecology in the OSU College of Forestry.” – ScienceDaily

July 27, 2021
Thousands of scientists warn climate tipping points ‘imminent’ 
“Researchers say ‘overexploitation of the Earth’ has seen many of its ‘vital signs’ deteriorate to record levels. For the study, scientists relied on “vital signs” to measure the health of the planet, including deforestation, greenhouse gas emissions, glacier thickness and sea-ice extent and deforestation. Out of 31 signs, they found that 18 hit record highs or lows. For example, despite a dip in pollution linked to the COVID-19 pandemic, levels of atmospheric CO2 and methane hit all-time highs in 2021. Greenland and Antarctica recently showed all-time low levels of ice mass and glaciers are melting 31-percent faster than they did just 15 years ago, the authors said…” – Aljazeera

July 26, 2021
The Heat, Floods and Fire We Don’t Hear Enough About
“From India to Turkey, it’s not just ‘crazy weather.’ It’s the world at 1.2 degrees of global warming, explain climate scientists.” – Bloomberg

“July 25, 2021
Yep, it’s bleak, says expert who tested 1970s end-of-the-world prediction
A controversial MIT study from 1972 forecast the collapse of civilization – and Gaya Herrington is here to deliver the bad news…. 
Herrington, a Dutch sustainability researcher and adviser to the Club of Rome, a Swiss thinktank, has made headlines in recent days after she authored a report that appeared to show a controversial 1970s study predicting the collapse of civilization was – apparently – right on time. Coming amid a cascade of alarming environmental events, from western US and Siberian wildfires to German floods and a report that suggests the Amazon rainforest may no longer be able to perform as a carbon sink, Herrington’s work predicted the collapse could come around 2040 if current trends held.” – The Guardian

July 25, 2021
The insect apocalypse: ‘Our world will grind to a halt without them’
“Insects have declined by 75% in the past 50 years – and the consequences may soon be catastrophic…. The loss of insect life from the food chain would not just be catastrophic for wildlife. It would also have direct consequences for the human food supply…. In Paul Ehrlich’s ‘rivets on a plane’ analogy, we may be close to the point where the wing falls off.” – The Guardian  

July 19, 2021
How a powerful US lobby group helps big oil to block climate action
“The American Petroleum Institute receives millions from oil companies – and works behinds the scenes to stall or weaken legislation…. When Royal Dutch Shell…. Most other oil conglomerates are also major funders, including ExxonMobil, Chevron and BP, although they have not made their contributions public. The deep financial ties underscore API’s power and influence across the oil and gas industry, and what politicians describe as the trade group’s defining role in setting major obstacles to new climate policies and legislation.” – The Guardian

July 17. 2021
As Frozen Land Burns, Siberia Fears: ‘If We Don’t Have the Forest, We Don’t Have Life
“Last year, wildfires scorched more than 60,000 square miles of forest and tundra, an area the size of Florida. That is more than four times the area that burned in the United States during its devastating 2020 fire season…. Last year, the record-setting fires in the remote Siberian region of Yakutia released roughly as much carbon dioxide as did all the fuel consumption in Mexico in 2018, according to Mark Parrington, a senior scientist at the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service in Reading, England….” – The New York Times

July 17, 2021
Scientists Fear For Birds As Utah’s Great Salt Lake Nears Record Low Levels
“The vibrant ecosystem of North America’s largest saltwater lake is under serious threat from water diversion and climate change-fueled drought. Utah’s shrinking Great Salt Lake could spell disaster for millions of birds that depend on the briny body of water for food.” – HuffPost

July 16, 2021
Flooding in Europe, in Pictures
“The heavy rain and flooding that began on Wednesday in Europe has continued, with 106 lives lost in Germany by Friday, and at least 20 in Belgium. Hundreds of people are still missing, and the grim expectation is that many of them have not survived…. Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Germany’s president, was among the many who linked the devastation to the need to deal with climate change. ‘Only when we take action against climate change can we keep the events that we are now experiencing within limits,’ he said.” – The New York Times

July 14, 2021
MIT Predicted in 1972 That Society Will Collapse This Century. New Research Shows We’re on Schedule.
“A remarkable new study by a director at one of the largest accounting firms in the world has found that a famous, decades-old warning from MIT about the risk of industrial civilization collapsing appears to be accurate based on new empirical data. The controversial MIT analysis generated heated debate, and was widely derided at the time by pundits who misrepresented its findings and methods. But the analysis has now received stunning vindication from a study written by a senior director at professional services giant KPMG, one of the ‘Big Four’ accounting firms as measured by global revenue. – Vice

July 14, 2021
Amazon rainforest now emitting more CO2 than it absorbs
“The Amazon rainforest is emitting a billion tonnes of carbon dioxide a year, according to a study. The giant forest had been absorbing the emissions driving the climate crisis but is now causing its acceleration, researchers said. Most of the emissions are caused by fires, many deliberately set to clear land for beef and soy production. But even without fires, hotter temperatures and droughts mean the south-eastern Amazon has become a source of CO2, rather than a sink.” – The Guardian

July 13, 2021
Severe drought threatens Hoover dam reservoir – and water for US west
“Only 1.8% of the west is not in some level of drought, with California, Arizona and New Mexico all experiencing their lowest rainfalls on record over the previous 12 months. ‘The amount of water now available across the US west is well below that of any time in modern civilization,’ said Park Williams, a hydroclimatologist at Columbia University. Research by Williams and colleagues last year analyzed tree rings to discover the current dry period is rivaled only by a spell in the late 1500s in a history of drought that reaches back to around 800, with the climate crisis doubling the severity of the modern-day drought.” – The Guardian

July 13, 2021
Plastic pollution is nearing irreversible tipping point, experts warn
“Biodiversity loss, rising temperatures and increased toxicity for oceans and wider society if emissions continue…. In an article published in Science, scientists from Sweden, Norway and Germany wrote that there were “enormous” consequences for continuing to throw away plastics, which continue to be “poorly” recycled. Figures for plastic waste entering the environment by 2025 are in the region of 9 and 23 metric tonnes per year, with warnings that by 2050, the world’s oceans and seas will be filled with more plastic than fish.” – Independent

July 9, 2021
1 Billion Sea Creatures Cooked To Death In Canada In Record Pacific Northwest Heat Wave
“’If we don’t like it, then we need to work harder to reduce emissions,’ warned the University of British Columbia scientist who calculated the massive toll.” – HuffPost

July 8, 2021
Climate crisis ‘may put 8bn at risk of malaria and dengue’
“More than 8 billion people could be at risk of malaria and dengue fever by 2080 if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise unabated, a new study says.” – The Guardian

July 7, 2021
A Tug of War Between Lake and Sky
“A Clash between elemental forces — sun, rain, heat and ice — is what is threatening to upend centuries of relative stability along the Great Lakes’ 10,000 miles of shoreline, including the 22 miles that define Chicago’s eastern edge. And the best explanation is climate change, said Drew Gronewold, a hydrologist at the University of Michigan who has been studying lake levels for more than a decade. In fact, the speed and uncertainty of the changes underscore how Chicago, in some crucial ways, is perhaps more immediately exposed to the dangers of global warming than cities on the ocean.” – The New York Times

July 5, 2021
Questions to ask on the eve of World Population Day: How many Indians are too many Indians? Are our numbers a boon or a bane?
“The thought that we are about to outnumber the Chinese ought to occupy us. How many Indians are too many Indians? Are our numbers a boon or a bane? What will the demographic changes do to our society? Instead, our politicians are exploiting the myths about population explosion to further their divisive agenda. …It took millions of years for the world’s population to reach one billion in 1800 AD. But it doubled within just 100 years and tripled in the next century, hitting the six-billion mark in 1999. By 2011, it had reached seven billion. In 2030, it’s expected to grow to around 8.5l billion, by 2050 it will be 9.7 billion and in 2100, it will be 10.9 billion.” – Free Press Journal

July 5, 2021
Berta Cáceres assassination: ex-head of dam company found guilty
“Roberto David Castillo, former Honduran army intelligence officer, found to be co-collaborator in ordering murder. A US-trained former Honduran army intelligence officer who was the president of an internationally-financed hydroelectric company has been found guilty over the assassination of the indigenous environmentalist Berta Cáceres. Caceres, winner of the Goldman prize for environmental defenders, was shot dead two days before her 45th birthday by hired hitmen on 2 March 2016 after years of threats linked to her opposition of the $50m Agua Zarca dam.” – The Guardian

July 5, 2021
Sixty years of climate change warnings: the signs that were missed (and ignored)
“In August 1974, the CIA produced a study on ‘climatological research as it pertains to intelligence problems.’ The diagnosis was dramatic. It warned of the emergence of a new era of weird weather, leading to political unrest and mass migration (which, in turn, would cause more unrest)….  ‘The climate change began in 1960,’ the report’s first page informs us…. But, the report argued, the world ignored this warning, as the global population continued to grow and states made massive investments in energy, technology and medicine.” – The Guardian

July 3, 2021 July 3 is International Plastic Bag Free Day. It’s for us to make the choice – planet or plasticInternational Plastic Free Day “A whopping 25,940 tonnes per day of plastic waste is generated in India, Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Prakash Javadekar disclosed in the Lok Sabha in November 2019, quoting a study by the Central Pollution Control Board. Since then, the pandemic has only led to a surge in pollution from disposable products such as plastic face masks, hand sanitiser bottles and syringes.” – The Free Press Journal

July 2, 2021
The scientists hired by big oil who predicted the climate crisis long ago
As early as 1958, the oil industry was hiring scientists and engineers to research the role that burning fossil fuels plays in global warming…. What those scientists discovered – and what the oil companies did with that information – is at the heart of two dozen lawsuits attempting to hold the fossil fuel industry responsible for their role in climate change.” – The Guardian

June 30, 2021
Climate crimes: a new series investigating big oil’s role in the climate crisis
“As the impacts of the climate crisis multiply across the US, from intensified drought and wildfires in the west to stronger hurricanes in the east, a question is echoing ever louder: who should be held responsible? According to an unprecedented number of lawsuits filed by US cities and states that are currently making their way through the court system, the answer is fossil fuel companies.” – The Guardian

June 28, 2021
Glaciers All Over the World Are Shrinking Fast
“Advances in satellite technology reveal ice masses in Alaska and Asia have lost 4% of their volume in less than a decade. Glaciers in the Gulf of Alaska and in Asia’s High Mountain region are melting so fast that the changes can be seen from space, with the shrinkage now measured in years rather than decades. ” – Bloomberg

June 24, 2021
Rising greenhouse gases pose continued threat to Arctic ozone layer
“Summary:A new study shows that extremely low winter temperatures high in the atmosphere over the Arctic are becoming more frequent and more extreme because of climate patterns associated with global warming. The study also shows that those extreme low temperatures are causing reactions among chemicals humans pumped into the air decades ago, leading to greater ozone losses.” – ScienceDaily

June 23, 2021
After Covid-19, could next big killer be heatwaves? Draft UN report paints grim picture for world
“Worst hit will be burgeoning megacities in the developing world…. Research from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) reports just over 300,000 heat-related deaths worldwide from all causes in 2019. Some 37 per cent of heat-related deaths – just over 100,000 – can be blamed on global warming, according to researchers led by Antonio Gasparrini at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. South China Morning Post

June 22,2021
What if American Democracy Fails the Climate Crisis?
“Covid functioned, in some ways, as a test run for how our political systems would handle the disruptions of climate change. It was a crisis that experts had warned about for years and years. And we didn’t really prepare at all. And then it hit…. No matter what happens, there will be a class of people, all over the planet, who will have the money, the political connections, the insurance to move their houses inland or up the hill or whatever…. You know, who cares if there is a winnowing out of global humanity if Noah’s ark can be made available for the rich?” – The New York Times

June 18, 2021
An acceleration of coastal overtopping around the world
Low-lying coastal regions host nearly 10% of the world’s population…. ‘The frequency of overtopping is accelerating exponentially and will be clearly perceptible as early as 2050, regardless of the climate scenario. By the end of the century, the intensity of the acceleration will depend on the future trajectories of greenhouse gas emissions and therefore the rise in sea-level. In the case of a high emissions scenario, the number of overtopping hours globally could increase fifty-fold compared with current levels,’ Rafaël Almar warns. “As we go along the 21st century, more and more regions will be exposed to overtopping and consequent coastal flooding, especially in the tropics, north-western United States, Scandinavia, and the Far East of Russia.'” – ScienceDaily

June 17, 2021
Earth is trapping ‘unprecedented’ amount of heat, Nasa says
“The Earth is trapping nearly twice as much heat as it did in 2005, according to new research, described as an ‘unprecedented’ increase amid the climate crisis…. The increase was described as ‘alarming.’” – The Guardian

June 17, 2021
Climate Change Batters the West Before Summer Even Begins
“Global warming has been fueling disasters in the region for years. Now, an early heat wave and severe drought are threatening lives and leaving water in perilously short supply…. And it’s not even summer yet.” – The New York Times

June 16, 2021
UK warned it is unprepared for climate chaos
“The UK is woefully unprepared to deal with changes occurring to the climate, government advisers say…. It warns of more severe heatwaves, especially in big cities, and more intense rainfall, with an increased flood risk across most of the UK. It says homes, infrastructure and services must be made resilient to floods, heat and humid nights. The authors of the report on adaptation, or “climate-proofing”, warn that global warming can cause damage running into tens of billions of pounds over short periods – and they say they’re frustrated at the lack of government action.” – BBC

June 14, 2021
Rocky mountain forests now burning more than any point in past 2,000 years
“Following 2020’s extreme fire season, high-elevation forests in the central Rocky Mountains now are burning more than at any point in the past 2,000 years, according to a new study.” – ScienceDaily

June 12, 2021
Ice Shelf Protecting Critical Glacier Is Rapidly Breaking Up
“That ice shelf has retreated by 12 miles (20 kilometers) between 2017 and 2020, according to a study in Friday’s Science Advances The crumbling shelf was caught on time-lapse video from a European satellite that takes pictures every six days. ‘You can see stuff just tearing apart,’ said study lead author Ian Joughin, a University of Washington glaciologist. “So it almost looks like the speed-up itself is weakening the glacier. … And so far we’ve lost maybe 20% of the main shelf.’ ‘These science results continue to highlight the vulnerability of Antarctica, a major reservoir for potential sea level rise,’ said Twila Moon, a National Snow and Ice Data scientist who wasn’t part of the research. “’gain and again, other research has confirmed how Antarctica evolves in the future will depend on human greenhouse gas emissions.’ – HuffPost

June 11, 2021
The West is the driest it’s been in 1,200 years — raising questions about a livable future
“Trees are dying. Riverbeds are empty. Lake Mead’s water level dropped to its lowest point in history, and Utah’s governor asked residents to pray for rain. Water is increasingly scarce in the Western U.S. — where 72 percent of the region is in ‘severe’ drought, 26 percent is in exceptional drought, and populations are booming…. It’s time to ask, ‘Is this a drought, or is it just the way the hydrology of the Colorado River is going to be?’ said John Entsminger, the general manager of the Southern Nevada Water Authority.”– Yahoo!News

June 10, 2021
António Guterres on climate crisis: ‘We are coming to a point of no return’
“Guterres told the Guardian at the UN headquarters in New York… ‘It’s now clear we are coming to a point of no return…. To spend these trillions of dollars and not use this occasion to reverse the trends and massively invest in the green economy will be an unforgivable lost opportunity.’… But while the G7 countries have agreed to stop the international financing of coal, the world’s wealthiest nations are pouring billions of dollars into developing gas, another fossil fuel, in the global south at a rate four times that of finance supporting wind or solar projects.” – The Guardian

June 9, 2021
No major G7 stock index aligned with Paris climate goals
“New research from the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi)… reveals that none of the G7’s leading stock indexes are currently aligned with a 1.5°C or 2°C pathway…. In the lead up to the G7 Summit, the analysis shows that the G7 countries’ leading indexes are on an average temperature pathway of 2.95°C…. The report, prepared by CDP and the UN Global Compact on behalf of the SBTi, finds that four of the seven indexes are on dangerous temperature pathways of 3°C or above. Notably, fossil fuels are a key contributor to the emissions of all seven indexes, making up 70% of Canada’s SPTSX 60 3.1°C temperature rating and almost 50% of Italy’s FTSE MIB 2.7°C rating.” – Science Based Targets

June 8, 2021
Climate Change Has Central Americans Fleeing to the U.S.
“Close to one-third of the population of the Northern Triangle is experiencing crisis levels of food insecurity. The so-called Northern Triangle is plagued by chronic violence, corrupt governments, and a lack of economic opportunities—factors that send a more than 300,000 El Salvadorans, Guatemalans, and Hondurans fleeing their countries each year, according to estimates by academics at the University of Texas at Austin. Farmers, who in some of these nations make up as much as 30% of the population, are battling another menace: extreme weather. Central America is among the most vulnerable regions on the planet to climate change, despite producing less than 1% of global carbon emissions, according to the World Bank.” – Bloomberg

June 8, 2021
CO₂ Reaches Its Highest Level in More Than 4 Million Years
CO2 level rise since 1958“Based on geological evidence collected over the six decades scientists have been tracking atmospheric CO₂, this year’s peak appears to be the highest in as long as 4.5 million years. This continued accumulation of greenhouse gas is driving dangerous global heating around the world.” – Bloomberg Green

June 7, 2021
We are running out of time to reach deal to save natural world, says UN talks chair
“Negotiators are scheduled to meet in Kunming, China, in October for Cop15, the biggest biodiversity summit in a decade, to reach a hoped-for Paris-style agreement on preventing wildlife extinctions and the human-driven destruction of the planet’s ecosystems. The summit was meant to take place in October last year but has been delayed twice due to the coronavirus pandemic.” – The Guardian

June 7, 2021
Climate crisis to shrink G7 economies twice as much as Covid-19, says research
“The G7 countries – the world’s biggest industrialised economies – will lose 8.5% of GDP a year, or nearly $5tn wiped off their economies, within 30 years if temperatures rise by 2.6C, as they are likely to on the basis of government pledges and policies around the world, according to research from Oxfam and the Swiss Re Institute.” – The Guardian

June 7, 2021
‘Dirty deals’ between UK banks and fossil fuel companies surged in 2020, data shows
British lenders Barclays and HSBC made dozens of deals with major fossil fuel companies such as ExxonMobil, Royal Dutch Shell and Chevron in 2020, according to data shared with The Independent that shows the value of transactions was more than in the previous year. Barclays, Europe’s largest fossil fuel financier, provided a total of $5.1 billion (£3.7bn) to ExxonMobil over a series of 13 deals and $1.2bn (£850m) to Shell over a series of six deals in 2020, according to data collated by Reclaim Finance, a group campaigning for an end to financial support for fossil fuels.” – Independent

June 7, 2021
A Million Years of Data Confirms: Monsoons Are Likely to Get Worse
“Scientists have known for years that climate change is disrupting monsoon seasonPast research based on computer models has suggested that the global heating caused by greenhouse gases, and the increased moisture in the warmed atmosphere, will result in rainier summer monsoon seasons and unpredictable, extreme rainfall events. The new paper, published Friday in the journal Science Advances, adds evidence for the theory by looking back over the past million years to give a sense of monsoons to come.” – The New York Times

June 5, 2021
Pollutants From Sri Lanka Shipwreck Likely to Stick Around for Years
“Plastics and chemicals that have washed up on local beaches could make their way into ocean currents, scientists warn. About 11 million metric tons of plastic find their way into oceans every year, causing damage to wildlife habitats, humans and animals, according to a report on ocean pollution last year. If no action is taken, plastic litter will almost triple by 2040 as humanity increases the use of hydrocarbon-based plastics, which don’t degrade naturally. The cumulative amount of plastic in the ocean could reach 600 million tons in 20 years’ time.” – Bloomberg Green

June 4, 2021
World leaders ‘ignoring’ role of destruction of nature in causing pandemics
“Ending the destruction of nature to stop outbreaks at source is more effective and cheaper than responding to them, scientists say….. The razing of forests and hunting of wildlife is increasingly bringing animals and the microbes they harbour into contact with people and livestock. About 70% of new infectious diseases have come from animals, including Covid-19, Sars, bird flu, Ebola and HIV. However, preventing this root cause of spillover is scarcely mentioned by leaders and authorities.” – The Guardian

June 3, 2021
Tasked to Fight Climate Change, a Secretive U.N. Agency Does the Opposite
“Behind closed doors, shipbuilders and miners can speak on behalf of governments while regulating an industry that pollutes as much as all of America’s coal plants…. ‘The I.M.O. is effectively a closed-door gathering of old male sailors,’ said Thom Woodroofe, an analyst who accompanied Mr. de Brum to London. ‘It’s surprising it doesn’t still allow smoking.'” – The New York Times

June 3, 2021
Tipping elements can destabilize each other, leading to climate domino effects
“Under global warming, tipping elements in the Earth system can destabilize each other and eventually lead to climate domino effects. The ice sheets on Greenland and West Antarctica are potential starting points for tipping cascades, a novel network analysis reveals. The Atlantic overturning circulation would then act as a transmitter, and eventually elements like the Amazon rainforest would be impacted. The consequences for people would reach from sea-level rise to biosphere degradation.” – ScienceDaily

June 3, 2021
Arctic sea ice thinning faster than expected
“Sea ice in the coastal regions of the Arctic may be thinning up to twice as fast as previously thought, according to a new modelling study led by UCL researchers.” – ScienceDaily

June 2, 2021
G7 nations committing billions more to fossil fuel than green energy
In spite of green rhetoric, money has piled into aviation and car industries since start of pandemic, report finds. – The Guardian

June 2, 2021
Record-breaking temperatures more likely in populated tropics
“New University of Arizona-led research, published in Geophysical Research Letters, suggests that more record-breaking temperatures will actually occur in the tropics, where there is a large and rapidly growing population. ‘People know tropical forests are important, but here we’re saying they’re even more important because suddenly we realized there are going to be more extreme events and weather over the Amazon rainforest,’ said lead study author Xubin Zeng, director of the UArizona Climate Dynamics and Hydrometeorology Center and a professor of atmospheric sciences. – ScienceDaily

June 1, 2021
If countries implement Paris pledges with cuts to aerosols, millions of lives can be saved
Aerosol reductions that would take place as countries meet climate goals could contribute to global cooling and prevent more than one million annual premature deaths over a decade, according to a new study. – ScienceDaily

May 28, 2021
Biden’s Fossil Fuel Moves Clash With Pledges on Climate Change
“In a paradox worthy of Kafka, ConocoPhillips plans to install ‘chillers’ into the permafrost — which is thawing fast because of climate change — to keep it solid enough to drill for oil, the burning of which will continue to worsen ice melt.” – The New York Times

May 28, 2021
World could hit 1.5C warming threshold in next five years, experts warn: ‘Yet another wake-up call’
“Rapidly rising temperatures mean greater ice melt, higher sea levels, more heatwaves and extreme weather, and greater impacts on food security.” – Independent

May 27, 2021
Brazil aerial photos show miners’ devastation of indigenous people’s land
“Rare and disturbing aerial photographs have laid bare the devastation being inflicted on Brazil’s largest reserve for indigenous people by thousands of wildcat goldminers whose illegal activities have accelerated under the country’s far-right leader, Jair Bolsonaro. Activists believe as many as 20,000 garimpeiro prospectors are operating within the Yanomami reserve in northern Brazil using speedboats and light aircraft to penetrate the vast expanse of jungle near the border with Venezuela.” – The Guardian

May 27, 2021
‘Cataclysmic day’ for oil companies sparks climate hope
“A Dutch court on Wednesday ordered Shell to cut carbon emissions from its oil and gas by 45% by 2030. A tiny activist investor group simultaneously won two places on ExxonMobil’s board and Chevron’s management was defeated when investors voted in favour of forcing the group to cut its carbon emissions. Chevron is second on the list of fossil fuel firms with the biggest cumulative carbon emissions, ExxonMobil is third and Shell sixth.” – The Guardian

May 27, 2021
Shell forced to slash global emissions after landmark court ruling
“Activist groups hail ‘historic win’ as Dutch court orders multinational fossil fuel company to cut CO2 emissions by 45% by 2030…. A Shell spokesperson told The Independent the company will appeal against the court’s decision.” – Independent

May 27, 2021
Rapid heating of Indian Ocean worsening cyclones, say scientists
“Rising ocean temperatures caused by climate crisis increasing number of cyclones and intensity of storms, say experts.” – The Guardian

May 27, 2021
Miami’s chief heat officer calls for action on ‘silent killer’ in climate crisis
Heat is the deadliest of all the maladies spurred by the climate crisis, with more than 700 people on average now dying each year from its effects, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. An independent study last year estimated this death toll is actually much higher, at about 5,600 fatalities a year. – The Guardian

May 26, 2021
Climate crisis inflicting huge ‘hidden costs’ on mental health
“The climate crisis is damaging the mental health of hundreds of millions of people around the world but the huge costs are hidden, scientists have warned. Heatwaves are increasing rates of suicide, extreme weather such as floods and wildfires are leaving victims traumatised, and loss of food security, homes and livelihoods is resulting in stress and depression. Anxiety about the future is also harming people’s mental health, especially the young, the scientists said in a report. Mental health conditions already affect a billion people and cost trillions of dollars a year.” – The Guardian

May 20, 2021
Climate disasters ‘caused more internal displacement than war’ in 2020
Intense storms and flooding triggered three times more displacements than violent conflicts did last year, as the number of people internally displaced worldwide hit the highest level on record. There were at least 55 million internally displaced people (IDPs) by the end of last year, according to figures published by the Norwegian Refugee Council’s Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC)…. About 20 million IDPs were children aged under 15 and 2.6 million were over 65. Most live in low- and middle-income countries. – The Guardian

May 18, 2021
Nations Must Drop Fossil Fuels, Fast, World Energy Body Warns
“In a sweeping new report, the International Energy Agency issued a detailed road map of what it would take for the world’s nations to slash carbon dioxide emissions to net zero by 2050. That would very likely keep the average global temperature from increasing 1.5 Celsius above pre-industrial levels — the threshold beyond which scientists say the Earth faces irreversible damage.” The New York Times

May 17, 2021
Big Agriculture Is Leading to Ecological Collapse
“As of this writing, animal agriculture accounts for 14.5 percent of total anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions annually. It is also the source of 60 percent of all nitrous oxide and 50 percent of all methane emissions, which have 36 times and 298 times, respectively, the warming potential of carbon dioxide. As industrial animal agriculture has scaled up, agricultural emissions of methane and nitrous oxide have been going in one direction only: up.” – Foreign Policy

May 14, 2021
Climate change threatens one-third of global food production ScienceDaily

May 13, 2021
Study finds alarming levels of ‘forever chemicals’ in US mothers’ breast milk
A new study that checked American women’s breast milk for PFAS contamination detected the toxic chemical in all 50 samples tested, and at levels nearly 2,000 times higher than the level some public health advocates advise is safe for drinking water…. PFAS, or per and polyfluoroalkyl substances, are a class of about 9,000 compounds that are used to make products like food packaging, clothing and carpeting water and stain resistant. They are called ‘forever chemicals’ because they do not naturally break down and have been found to accumulate in humans. They are linked to cancer, birth defects, liver disease, thyroid disease, plummeting sperm counts and a range of other serious health problems.” – The Guardian

May 13, 2021
Antarctic ice sheet retreat could trigger chain reaction
“The Antarctic ice sheet was even more unstable in the past than previously thought, and at times possibly came close to collapse, new research suggests. The findings raise concerns that, in a warmer climate, exposing the land underneath the ice sheet as it retreats will increase rainfall on Antarctica, and this could trigger processes that accelerate further ice loss.” – ScienceDaily

May 10, 2021
The Climate Solution Actually Adding Millions of Tons of CO2 Into the Atmosphere
“New research shows that California’s climate policy created up to 39 million carbon credits that aren’t achieving real carbon savings. But companies can buy these forest offsets to justify polluting more anyway.” ProPublica

May 7, 2021
Brazil’s Amazon: Deforestation rises ahead of dry season
“Deforestation of the Amazon rainforest in Brazil rose by 43% in April compared to the same month last year, government data has shown…. ‘The Amazon has become an open bar for land grabbers, illegal loggers and miners,’ says Marcio Astrini, executive secretary of Observatorio do Clima, a campaign group. ‘And several attempts are being made by the government and Congress to eliminate legal protection of forests, such as the amnesty for land grabbing and now the licensing bill.'” BBC

Carbon Footprint Misconceptions
Carbon Footprint Misconceptions

April 30, 2021
Satellites show world’s glaciers melting faster than ever
“Glaciers are melting faster, losing 31% more snow and ice per year than they did 15 years earlier, according to three-dimensional satellite measurements of all the world’s mountain glaciers. Scientists blame human-caused climate change. Using 20 years of recently declassified satellite data, scientists calculated that the world’s 220,000 mountain glaciers are losing more than 328 billion tons (298 billion metric tons) of ice and snow per year since 2015, according to a study in Wednesday’s journal Nature. That’s enough melt flowing into the world’s rising oceans to put Switzerland under almost 24 feet (7.2 meters) of water each year.” – APA

May 3, 2021
Brazil’s Amazon has ‘flipped’ and now emits more carbon pollution than it sinks
“An alarming new study found that between 2010 and 2019, the Amazon released 16.6billion tonnes of CO2, while sucking up 13.9bn tonnes….. The destruction of the rainforest has proliferated under right-wing President Jair Bolsonaro, whose government has weakened environmental protections and pushed development of mining, cattle-ranching and logging. Mr Bolsonaro has frequently played down the Amazon fires, calling evidence produced by his own government showing thousands of blazes a ‘lie.'” – Independent

April 29, 2021
Methane release rapidly increases in the wake of the melting ice sheets
“‘The present-day acceleration of Greenlands ice melt is an analogue to our model. We believe that the future release of methane from below and nearby these ice sheets is likely'” says researcher Pierre-Antoine Dessandier, who conducted this study…. Increasing methane emissions are a major contributor to the rising concentration of greenhouse gases in Earth’s atmosphere, and are responsible for up to one-third of near-term global heating.” ScienceDaily

April 25, 2021
Rapid retreat of world’s glaciers leading to ‘humanitarian crisis’, says top scientist
“”Melt of glaciers in the Himalayas and South America could threaten water supply of hundreds of millions of people,’ says leading glaciologist Prof Jemma Wadham.” – Independent

April 25, 2021
Climate has shifted the axis of the Earth, study finds
“Loss of water on land through ice melting and human-caused factors is changing the movement of the North and South poles…. ‘It tells you how strong this mass change is — it’s so big that it can change the axis of the Earth.’ said Humphrey,
a climate scientist at the University of Zurich who was not involved in this research…. Their analysis revealed large changes in water mass in areas like California, northern Texas, the region around Beijing and northern India, for example – all areas that have been pumping large amounts of groundwater for agricultural use. ‘The ground water contribution is also an important one,’ Humphrey said.” – ScienceDaily

April 20, 2021
As marine life flees to cooler waters due to global warming, history warns this could lead to mass extinction
“The tropical water at the equator is renowned for having the richest diversity of marine life on Earth, with vibrant coral reefs and large aggregations of tunas, sea turtles, manta rays and whale sharks. The number of marine species naturally tapers off as you head towards the poles. Ecologists have assumed this global pattern has remained stable over recent centuries – until now. Our recent study found the ocean around the equator has already become too hot for many species to survive, and that global warming is responsible. In other words, the global pattern is rapidly changing. And as species flee to cooler water towards the poles, it’s likely to have profound implications for marine ecosystems and human livelihoods. When the same thing happened 252 million years ago, 90 per cent of all marine species died.” – South China Morning Post

April 19, 2021
‘A great deception’: oil giants taken to task over ‘greenwash’ ads
“Some of the world’s biggest fossil fuel companies have used advertising to ‘greenwash’ their ongoing contribution to the climate crisis, according to files published by the environmental lawyers ClientEarth. They describe the practice as ‘a great deception.’… We’re currently witnessing a great deception, where the companies most responsible for catastrophically heating the planet are spending millions on advertising campaigns about how their business plans are focused on sustainability,’ said Johnny White, one of ClientEarth’s lawyers. We need to reduce reliance on fossil fuels, but instead of leading a low-carbon transition these companies are putting out advertising which distracts the public and launders their image. – The Guardian

April 19, 2021
Could climate change force a billion people to move?
“Ever-more frequent extreme weather events have in recent years devastated rural regions in developing countries, with millions of people having to start from scratch after losing everything in storms, droughts and floods. Global temperatures could increase more in the next 50 years than in the previous 6,000, according to a study by scientists published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences in May 2020. It says extreme heat only common to regions such as the Sahara today could eventually blanket 19% of the world’s land by 2070, meaning “1 to 3 billion people are projected to be left outside the climate conditions that have served humanity well”. And with the climate crisis already unfolding, millions of people across the world are already on the move. The UN’s International Organization for Migration estimates that environmental factors may factor into the migration of between 25 million and 1 billion people by 2050.” – Aljazeera

April 16, 2021
Plastic Is Falling From the Sky. But Where’s It Coming From?
“At any given time, 1,100 tons of microplastic are floating over the western US. New modeling shows the surprising sources of the nefarious pollutant. The amount of microplastics in the ocean has been skyrocketing. This new research shows there may now be more microplastic blowing out of the ocean at any given time than there is going into it. Put another way: So much has accumulated in the ocean that the land may now be a net importer of microplastic from the sea. These microplastics aren’t just washing ashore and accumulating on beaches. When waves crash and winds scour the ocean, they launch seawater droplets into the air. These obviously contain salt, but also organic matter and microplastics. “Then the water evaporates, and you’re left just with the aerosols,” or tiny floating bits of particulate matter, says Cornell University researcher Natalie Mahowald, who co-led the work with Brahney. “Classically, we atmospheric scientists have always known that there are sea salts coming in this way,” she continues. But last year, another group of researchers demonstrated this phenomenon with microplastics, showing that they turn up in sea breezes.” – Wired

April 14, 2021
This Glacier in Alaska Is Moving 100 Times Faster Than Normal
“The Muldrow Glacier, on the north side of Mount Denali in Alaska, is undergoing a rare surge. In the past few months the 39-mile-long river of ice has been moving as much as 90 feet a day, 100 times its usual speed.” – The New York Times

April 13, 2021
More floods, fires and cyclones — plan for domino effects on sustainability goals
“:The risk of such hazards increases as the planet warms, and these risks interact across many environmental and social systems. A heatwave can spark forest fires, which lead to air pollution, thus damaging public health. Drought-wrecked harvests can result in food-price volatility, which can increase social unrest or migration. Yet these domino effects are barely considered in most countries’ strategies for achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.” – Nature

April 13, 2021
Sea levels are going to rise by at least 20ft. We can do something about it
“There could be two feet of sea level rise by 2040, three feet by 2050, and much more to come…. Two to three feet of sea level rise may not sound like much, but it will transform human societies the world over. In South Florida, where I live, residents will lose access to fresh water. Sewage treatment plants will fail, large areas will persistently flood, and Miami Beach and other barrier islands will be largely abandoned. In China, India, Egypt, and other countries with major river deltas, two to three feet of sea level rise will force the evacuation of tens of millions of people and the loss of vast agricultural lands…. Sea level rise of eight feet would be catastrophic. Absent extensive and very expensive adaptation measures, it would put much of New York and Washington DC, Shanghai and Bangkok, Lagos, Alexandria, and countless other coastal cities underwater. It would submerge South Florida…. there will come a point, sooner than many people realize, when civilization as we know it will greatly weaken or outright collapse. – The Guardian

April 9, 2021
Current Emissions Put the World on Track for Biodiversity Collapse
“A third of endemic species on land and half in the sea will become extinct if greenhouse gas emissions are not reined in…. ‘The risk for such species to be lost forever increases more than 10-fold if we miss the goals of the Paris Agreement,’ said Stella Manes, lead author and a researcher at Federal University.” – Bloomberg

April 9, 2021
Abrupt ice age climate changes behaved like cascading dominoes
“Throughout the last ice age, the climate changed repeatedly and rapidly during so-called Dansgaard-Oeschger events, where Greenland temperatures rose between 5 and 16 degrees Celsius in decades. When certain parts of the climate system changed, other parts of the climate system followed like a series of dominos toppling in succession. Today, sea-ice extent is being rapidly reduced, and it is uncertain whether this part of the climate system can trigger sudden future climate change.” – ScienceDaily

9 April, 2021
The rice of the sea: how a tiny grain could change the way humanity eats
“Ángel León made his name serving innovative seafood. But then he discovered something in the seagrass that could transform our understanding of the sea itself – as a vast garden…. Lab tests hinted at its tremendous potential: gluten-free, high in omega-6 and -9 fatty acids, and contains 50% more protein than rice per grain, according to Aponiente’s research. And all of it growing without freshwater or fertiliser…. The plant’s impact could stretch much further. Capable of capturing carbon 35 times faster than tropical rainforests and described by the WWF as an “incredible tool” in fighting the climate crisis, seagrass absorbs 10% of the ocean’s carbon annually despite covering just 0.2% of the seabed.” – The Guardian

8 April, 2021
Study calls for urgent climate change action to secure global food supply
“New Curtin University-led research has found climate change will have a substantial impact on global food production and health if no action is taken by consumers, food industries, government, and international bodies. Published in one of the highest-ranking public health journals, the Annual Review of Public Health, the researchers completed a comprehensive 12-month review of published literature on climate change, healthy diet and actions needed to improve nutrition and health around the world. Lead researcher John Curtin Distinguished Emeritus Professor Colin Binns, from the Curtin School of Population Health at Curtin University, said climate change has had a detrimental impact on health and food production for the past 50 years and far more needs to be done to overcome its adverse effects. ‘We estimate that by 2050 world food production will need to increase by 50 per cent to overcome present shortages and meet the needs of the growing population.'” – ScienceDaily

8 April, 2021
Climate Change, Food Supply, and Dietary Guidelines
“Food production is affected by climate change, and, in turn, food production is responsible for 20–30% of greenhouse gases. The food system must increase output as the population increases and must meet nutrition and health needs while simultaneously assisting in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.” – Annual Review of Public Health

8 April, 2021
One-third of Antarctic ice shelf area at risk of collapse as planet warms
“More than a third of the Antarctic’s ice shelf area could be at risk of collapsing into the sea if global temperatures reach 4°C above pre-industrial levels, new research has shown…. Dr Ella Gilbert, a research scientist in the University of Reading’s Department of Meteorology, said: ‘Ice shelves are important buffers preventing glaciers on land from flowing freely into the ocean and contributing to sea level rise. When they collapse, it’s like a giant cork being removed from a bottle, allowing unimaginable amounts of water from glaciers to pour into the sea.'” –  ScienceDaily

1 April, 2021
Evidence of Antarctic glacier’s tipping point confirmed
Pine Island Glacier is a region of fast-flowing ice draining an area of West Antarctica approximately two thirds the size of the UK. The glacier is a particular cause for concern as it is losing more ice than any other glacier in Antarctica. Currently, Pine Island Glacier together with its neighbouring Thwaites glacier are responsible for about 10% of the ongoing increase in global sea level. Scientists have argued for some time that this region of Antarctica could reach a tipping point and undergo an irreversible retreat from which it could not recover. Such a retreat, once started, could lead to the collapse of the entire West Antarctic Ice Sheet, which contains enough ice to raise global sea level by over three metres.” – ScienceDaily

31 March, 2021
We sampled tap water across the US – and found arsenic, lead and toxic chemicals
“Since the passage of the Clean Water Act in 1972, access to safe water for all Americans has been a US government goal. Yet millions of people continue to face serious water quality problems because of contamination, deteriorating infrastructure, and inadequate treatment at water plants. CR [Consumer Reports] and the Guardian selected 120 people from around the US, out of a pool of more than 6,000 volunteers, to test for arsenic, lead, PFAS (per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances), and other contaminants. The samples came from water systems that together service more than 19 million people…. More than 35% of the samples had PFAS, potentially toxic “forever chemicals”, at levels above CR’s recommended maximum. About 8% of samples had arsenic, at levels above CR’s recommended maximum. In total, 118 out of 120 samples had detectable levels of lead.” – The Guardian

31 March, 2021
Tropical Forest Destruction Accelerated in 2020
Worldwide, loss of primary old-growth tropical forest, which plays a critical role in keeping carbon out of the atmosphere and in maintaining biodiversity, increased by 12 percent in 2020 from 2019, according to the World Resources Institute, a research group based in Washington that reports annually on the subject. Overall, more than 10 million acres of primary tropical forest was lost in 2020, an area roughly the size of Switzerland. The institute’s analysis said loss of that much forest added more than two and a half billion metric tons of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, or about twice as much as is spewed into the air by cars in the United States every year.” – The New York Times

31 March, 2021
Damage from invasive species ‘trebling every decade’
“Mosquitoes, rats, ragweeds and termites are among the species that have hitched a ride on globalised trade routes, bringing disease, crop destruction and damage to buildings. The scientists calculated the costs at $1.3tn (£944bn) since 1970, and said even this ‘staggering sum’ was likely to be a big underestimate as much damage is unreported. The rapidly growing costs show no sign of slowing down, the researchers said, and are more than 10 times higher than the funding for preventing or dealing with these biological invasions.” – The Guardian

29 March, 2021
Nepal shuts all schools and colleges for 4 days over pollution
“Nepal’s Ministry of Education–during an emergency meeting on Monday–has decided to close all educational institutions till Friday owing to degrading air quality. Due to wildfire in more than 54 districts, the quality of air has deteriorated sharply for the past few days, with thick smog blanketing most of the country. Meteorologists say that it would take a few more days for the air to become clear and breathable. Nepal’s Ministry of Health earlier this week had requested people not to get outside with a sudden dip in Air Quality Index.” – The Free Press Journal

25 March, 2021
Greta Thunberg mocks climate change deniers by citing ‘penis shrinking’ research
“Greta Thunberg has mocked climate change deniers by citing research that claims human penises are getting smaller because of increased pollution…. Her sense of humour won her plaudits among social media users, with one writing: ‘Say goodbye to the climate movement being dominated by women.'” – Independent

25 March, 2021
Fossil fuel industry does U-turn on carbon pricing as Biden digs in on climate action
“The oil and gas industry, directly and indirectly, accounts for 42 per cent of global emissions driving the climate crisis…. Natalie Mebane, policy director with climate action group, said carbon pricing ‘is not a primary solution to the climate crisis…. The American Petroleum Institute and fossil fuel executives have knowingly lied and deceived the public about the devastating impacts that burning coal, oil, and gas has on our climate for decades. Now at the 11th hour, while our communities reel from climate impact after climate impact, they are endorsing a false solution. This is yet another greenwashing tactic wielded by the fossil fuel industry to distract from their disproportionate responsibility for the climate crisis,'” she said. – Independent

24 March, 2021
Deadly heat waves will be common in South Asia, even at 1.5 degrees of warming
“With almost one quarter of the world’s population living in South Asia, the new study underlines the urgency of addressing climate change…. Much of the population live in densely populated cities without regular access to air conditioning, and about 60% perform agricultural work and can’t escape the heat by staying indoors…. A wet bulb temperature of 32 degrees Celsius (89.6 degrees Fahrenheit) is considered to be the point when labor becomes unsafe, and 35 degrees Celsius (95 degrees Fahrenheit) is the limit to human survivability – when the body can no longer cool itself.” – ScienceDaily

24 March, 2021
Big Banks Are ‘Fueling Climate Chaos’ By Pouring Trillions Into Oil, Gas And Coal
“The world’s 60 biggest banks have provided $3.8 trillion to fossil fuel companies since the Paris climate agreement in 2016, according to a new report…. Banks provided more financing to oil, gas and coal companies in 2020 than they did in 2016, the year countries signed the Paris climate agreement and committed to rapidly reducing emissions to keep global temperature rises below 2 degrees Celsius.” – HuffPost

24 March, 2021
Disease outbreaks more likely in deforestation areas, study finds
“Outbreaks of infectious diseases are more likely in areas of deforestation and monoculture plantations, according to a study that suggests epidemics are likely to increase as biodiversity declines…. ‘I was surprised by how clear the pattern was,’ said one of the authors, Serge Morand, of the French National Centre for Scientific Research…. A quarter of global forest loss is driven by the production of commodities such as beef, soy, palm oil and wood fibre. Mining adds to this problem by contaminating rivers and streams that are vital for a resilient ecosystem, carbon sequestration and soil quality…. As the author of a 2016 book called The Next Plague, he says it is only a matter of time until the next pandemic. ‘The risks are very high. It’s just a case of when and where. We need to prepare.'” – The Guardian

22 March, 2021
Arctic methane release due to melting ice is likely to happen again
“Beneath the cold, dark depths of the Arctic ocean sit vast reserves of methane…. The methane can get released into the water above and eventually make its way to the atmosphere. In its gaseous form, methane is one of the most potent greenhouse gases, warming the Earth about 30 times more efficiently than carbon dioxide.” – ScienceDaily

22 March, 2021
World Water Day: Polluted waters around the world
“About four billion people experience severe water shortages for at least one month a year, and around 1.6 billion people – almost a quarter of the world’s population – have problems accessing a clean, safe water supply, according to the United Nations. While the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals call for water and sanitation for all by 2030, the world body says water scarcity is increasing and more than half the world’s population will be living in water-stressed regions by 2050.” – Aljazeera

18 March, 2021
Six Charts Show How Hard It Is for India to Hit Net Zero by 2050
“The world’s third largest emitter will need to completely overhaul its economy. Top Indian government officials are debating whether to set a target for net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.” – Bloomberg

17 March 2021
‘Net zero’ emissions not enough to save planet, says Environment Agency
“The UK has a current target to drive down its greenhouse gases to net zero by 2050, which requires cutting emissions as much as possible and carrying out actions such as planting trees to offset the impact of any remaining pollution.” – Independent

17 March 2021,
The World’s Three Biggest Coal Users Get Ready to Burn Even More
“The world’s three biggest consumers of coal, the dirtiest fossil fuel, are getting ready to boost usage so much that it’ll almost be as if the pandemic-induced drop in emissions never happened. U.S. power plants are going to consume 16% more coal this year than in 2020, and then another 3% in 2022, the Energy Information Administration said last week. China and India, which together account for almost two-thirds of demand, have no plans to cut back in the near term.” – Bloomberg

17 March, 2021
Bottom trawling releases as much carbon as air travel, landmark study finds
“Dragging heavy nets across seabed disturbs marine sediments, world’s largest carbon sink, scientists report. Fishing boats that trawl the ocean floor release as much carbon dioxide as the entire aviation industry, according to a groundbreaking study. Bottom trawling, a widespread practice in which heavy nets are dragged along the seabed, pumps out 1 gigaton of carbon every year, says the study written by 26 marine biologists, climate experts and economists and published in Nature on Wednesday. – The Guardian

16 March 2021
‘Net zero’ emissions not enough to save planet, says Environment Agency
“The UK has a current target to drive down its greenhouse gases to net zero by 2050, which requires cutting emissions as much as possible and carrying out actions such as planting trees to offset the impact of any remaining pollution.” – net zero by 2050

16 March, 2021
One Year Later, We Still Have No Plan to Prevent the Next Pandemic
“And yes, there could soon be another pandemic.” – New York Times

14 March, 2021
‘Inequalities will become even more entrenched’: Why climate change is a feminist issue
“Climate change is already here, and it’s having a disproportionate impact on women around the world…. Figures from the United Nations (UN) suggest that 80 per cent of people displaced by climate change worldwide are women. According to a review of 130 studies by the Global Gender and Climate Alliance in 2016, women are more likely to suffer food insecurity as a result of the climate crisis. Following extreme weather events, women are also more likely to experience mental illness and partner violence…. ‘Women and girls, particularly of colour, need to be at the forefront of decision-making on climate change at the local, regional, national and international level,’ Professor Julie Doyle of the University of Brighton, concludes.” Independent

14 March 2021,
Global Baby Drought of Covid-19 Crisis Risks Population Crunch
“’The longer and more severe the recession, the steeper the fall in birth rates, and the more likely it is that a fall in birth rates becomes a permanent change in family planning,’ said HSBC Holdings Plc economist James Pomeroy….’ Within two decades, 10% to 15% fewer adults may join the workforce, according to Pomeroy’s calculations. He reckons a recent projection by demographers at the Lancet journal for the world’s population to start shrinking in the 2060s already risks looking obsolete, with an inflection a decade sooner.” – Bloomberg

8 March, 2021
Global heating pushes tropical regions towards limits of human livability
A new study suggests that large swaths of the tropics will experience dangerous living and working conditions if global warming isn’t limited to 1.5 degrees Celsius…. That region, a band roughly 3,000 miles from north to south that encircles Earth at the Equator, includes much of South and East Asia, Central America, Central Africa. It is home to more than 3 billion people. Above a wet-bulb temperature of 35 Celsius, the body cannot cool down, as sweat on the skin can no longer evaporate. Prolonged exposure to such conditions can be fatal, even for healthy people. – The Guardian

4 March, 2021
‘Massive’ impact of food waste on climate with nearly a billion tons binned each year, finds UN report
“Around a fifth of all food produced worldwide was thrown away in 2019, study suggests…. That weight roughly equals that 23 million fully-loaded 40-ton trucks, enough bumper-to-bumper to circle the Earth seven times. Researchers said the combined impact of producing just the food that is thrown away, from the fertilisers to the diesel powering the tractors, accounted for around 10 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions…. Around 70 per cent of all the food wasted is linked to households, with 16 per cent coming from manufacturing, 11 per cent from restaurants, pubs and hotels, and just 3 per cent from supermarkets.” – Independent

About 690 million people worldwide go to bed hungry each night
“World hunger is on the rise, affecting 8.9 percent of people globally. From 2018 to 2019, the number of undernourished people grew by 10 million, and there are nearly 60 million more undernourished people now than in 2014…. Conflict is a major driver of hunger: The UN estimates that 122 million of 144 million stunted children live in countries affected by conflict. An estimated 14 million children under the age of five worldwide suffer from severe acute malnutrition, also known as severe wasting, yet only 25 percent of severely malnourished children have access to lifesaving treatment.” Action Against Hunger

February 28, 2021
Stark warning: Combating ecosystem collapse from the tropics to the Antarctic
“Professor Depledge CBE, Emeritus Professor at the University of Exeter and former Chief Scientific Advisor to the Environment Agency of England and Wales, said:  ‘Our paper is a further wake-up call that shows ecosystems are in varying states of collapse from the tropics to Antarctica. These findings from Australia are a stark warning of what is happening everywhere, and will continue without urgent action. The implications for human health and wellbeing are serious.'” – ScienceDaily

February 25, 2021
Glaciers accelerate in the Getz region of West Antarctica
“Glaciers in West Antarctica are moving more quickly from land into the ocean, contributing to rising global sea levels. A 25-year record of satellite observations has been used to show widespread increases in ice speed across the Getz sector for the first time, with some ice accelerating into the ocean by nearly 50%.” – ScienceDaily

February 25, 2021
Banks And Investors Are Still Pouring Billions Into Coal Companies
“As of January 2021, institutional investors such as pension funds, asset managers and insurance companies around the world held investments worth more than $1 trillion in coal, with U.S. investors collectively holding 58% of the institutional investment in the global coal industry. Commercial banks, meanwhile, have increased their funding of coal companies since the 2016 signing of the Paris climate agreement…. The investment firm Vanguard is the largest institutional investor in coal… followed by BlackRock…. These two U.S.-based investors together are responsible for 17% of the total institutional investment in the world’s coal industry.” – HuffPost

February 25, 2021
Extreme melt on Antarctica’s George VI ice shelf
“Antarctica’s northern George VI Ice Shelf experienced record melting during the 2019-2020 summer season compared to 31 previous summers of dramatically lower melt, a new study found.” – ScienceDaily

February 25, 2021
Gulf Stream System at its weakest in over a millennium
“They found consistent evidence that its slowdown in the 20th century is unprecedented in the past millennium; it is likely linked to human-caused climate change…. The study results suggest that it has been relatively stable until the late 19th century. With the end of the little ice age in about 1850, the ocean currents began to decline, with a second, more drastic decline following since the mid-20th century…. If we continue to drive global warming, the Gulf Stream System will weaken further…. This could bring us dangerously close to the tipping point at which the flow becomes unstable.” – ScienceDaily

February 24, 2021
Cutting down forests: what are the drivers of deforestation? “Every year the world loses around 5 million hectares of forest. 95% of this occurs in the tropics. At least three-quarters of this is driven by agriculture – clearing forests to grow crops, raise livestock and produce products such as paper.1 Beef, soy and palm oil are responsible for 60% of tropical deforestation. If we add the third largest driver – forestry products, which is dominated by paper but also includes timber – then we cover almost three-quarters.” – Our World in DataTropical Deforestation Drivers

February 22, 2021
The Texas Crisis Shows (Again) There’s No Such Thing as a Natural Disaster “We can’t do anything to stop hazards from occurring, although we do seem to be able to make them worse, whether by causing earthquakes through fracking or environmental depredations that make storms more intense. Hazards do not automatically cause disasters. An earthquake in the middle of an uninhabited desert does no harm; a tsunami may affect plants and animals, but if there are no people or buildings on the coast that it hits, we wouldn’t call it a disaster. It’s the interaction between hazard and human settlement or activity that creates a catastrophe.” – Slate

February 20, 2021
Seagrass Is A Vital Weapon Against Climate Change, But We’re Killing It
“This elusive, tiny marine plant is at risk, threatened by human activities such as dredging, scarring from boat propellers and pollution…. Around the world, 58 species of seagrasses hug the coastline of every continent except Antarctica…. Seagrasses occupy less than 0.2% of the seafloor but represent up to 10% of the ocean’s capacity to store carbon, known as “blue carbon.” Although the amount they can store depends on the species and location, some seagrasses can store twice as much carbon as the world’s temperate and tropical forests. They also help keep the water clear by capturing sediments. They cycle nutrients and provide important habitats for fish, crustaceans and shellfish.” – HuffPost

February 19, 2021
The world has lost one-third of its forest, but an end of deforestation is possible “Shortly after the end of the last great ice age – 10,000 years ago – 57% of the world’s habitable land was covered by forest. In the millennia since then a growing demand for agricultural land means we’ve lost one-third of global forests – an area twice the size of the United States. Half of this loss occurred in the last century alone. But it’s possible to end our long history of deforestation: increased crop yields, improved livestock productivity, and technological innovations that allow us to shift away from land-intensive food products gives us the opportunity to bring deforestation to an end and restore some of the forest we have lost.” – Our World In Data

February 18, 2021
Human destruction of nature is ‘senseless and suicidal’, warns UN chief
“’The consequences of our recklessness are already apparent in human suffering, towering economic losses, and the accelerating erosion of life on Earth.’ the UN secretary-general, António Guterres, has said. ‘Making peace with nature, securing its health and building on the critical and undervalued benefits that it provides are key to a prosperous and sustainable future for all…. ‘This report… makes clear our war on nature has left the planet broken.'” – The Guardian

February 15, 2021
Corn belt farmland has lost a third of its carbon-rich soil
“More than one-third of the Corn Belt in the Midwest – nearly 100 million acres – has completely lost its carbon-rich topsoil, according to new research that indicates the U.S. Department of Agricultural has significantly underestimated the true magnitude of farmland erosion.” – ScienceDaily

February 10, 2021
Rapid ice retreat during last deglaciation parallels current melt rates
“Imagine an ice chunk the size of Hawaii disappearing, almost instantaneously, from an ice sheet. That is what happened in the Storfjorden Trough in the Arctic Ocean some 11,000 years ago…. This dramatic break off was preceded by quite a rapid melt of 2.5 kilometres of ice a year. This parallels the current melt rates in Antarctica and Greenland and worries the scientists behind the study…. ‘We see this happening in Antarctica today. The Larsen A (1995), B (2003) and C (2017) break-offs are examples of this process,’ says CAGE-professor and first author Tine Lander Rasmussen.” – ScienceDaily

February 9, 2021
Arctic permafrost releases more CO2 than once believed
“Rising global temperatures are causing frozen Arctic soil –  permafrost – in the northern hemisphere to thaw and release CO2 that has been stored within it for thousands of years. The amount of carbon stored in permafrost is estimated to be four times greater than the combined amount of CO2 emitted by modern humans.” – ScienceDaily

February 9, 2021
‘Invisible killer’: fossil fuels caused 8.7m deaths globally in 2018, research finds
“‘The 8.7m deaths in 2018 represent a “key contributor to the global burden of mortality and disease’, states the study, which is the result of collaboration between scientists at Harvard University, the University of Birmingham, the University of Leicester and University College London. The death toll exceeds the combined total of people who die globally each year from smoking tobacco plus those who die of malaria. Scientists have established links between pervasive air pollution from burning fossil fuels and cases of heart diseaserespiratory ailments and even the loss of eyesight. The new estimate of deaths, published in the journal Environmental Research, is higher than other previous attempts to quantify the mortal cost of fossil fuels. A major report by the Lancet in 2019, for example, found 4.2m annual deaths from air pollution coming from dust and wildfire smoke, as well as fossil fuel combustion.” – The Guardian

February 9, 2021
Big Oil Gets to Teach Climate Science in American Classrooms
“Fossil fuel companies are spending big money to make sure their message reaches kids. Science teachers are doing their best to make sure they learn the facts… In Ohio, children may complete a word search sponsored by the state’s oil and gas industry, with answers such as ‘lubricants’ and ‘carbon black,’ while in New Jersey students in grades three through six may receive a workbook titled ‘Natural Gas: Your Invisible Friend.’ The National Energy Education Development Project, backed by 100 oil and gas industry players, promotes lessons on fracking using Jell-O and other fun foods as teaching aids.” – Bloomberg Green

February 9, 2021
State-owned fossil fuel firms planning $1.9tn investments
“In the report, entitled Risky Bet: National Oil Companies in the Energy Transition, the authors made the dilemma clear: ‘Either the world does what’s necessary to limit global warming, or national oil companies can profit from these investments. Both are not possible.’ National oil companies (NOCs) produce about two-thirds of the world’s oil and gas and own about 90% of reserves. They are rarely scrutinised, however, as their state ownership means they can operate secretively, without publishing much detail on their finances or operations, as publicly listed oil companies such as Exxon, BP and Shell must.” – The Guardian

February 8, 2021
Before Himalayan Flood, India Ignored Warnings of Development Risks
“The Himalayas have been warming at an alarming rate for years, melting ice long trapped in glaciers, soil and rocks, elevating the risk of devastating floods and landslides, scientists warned…. But the Indian government overrode the objections of experts and the protests of local residents to blast rocks and build hydroelectric power projects…. Officials said Monday that bodies of 26 victims had been recovered while the search proceeded for nearly 200 missing people. On Sunday a surge of water and debris went roaring down the steep mountain valleys of the Rishiganga river, erasing everything in its path. Most of the victims were workers on the power projects…. The World Bank has warned that climate change could sharply diminish living conditions for up to 800 million people in South Asia. – The New York Times

February 7, 2021
A Virus Similar to COVID-19 was Present in Cambodia as Early as 2010

“The Covid-19 crisis taught the world that keeping immense numbers of small carnivores in captivity is a major health risk…. The data in the figure above indirectly support the hypothesis that the SARS-CoV-2 group actually originated in mainland Southeast Asia. Indeed, human populations in Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam appear to be much less affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. As pangolins and small carnivore species were frequently stored and sold together in wet markets, a “snowballing effect” due to interspecies viral transmission could be the last step in starting the human Covid-19 pandemic. – The National Interest

February 7, 2021
330,000 Chinese facing drinking water shortages as drought hits south
“Rainfall since October in regions south of Yangtze River down 50 to 80 per cent on normal levels, water ministry says. About 2.4 million people in Zhejiang, Guangdong and Fujian already affected, concerns growing in Guangxi, Hunan and Yunnan, it says.” – The South China Morning Post

February 6, 2021,
“Diseases that are passed from animals to humans are a ‘predictable consequence’ of damage to ecosystems, researchers said. Opting for a plant-based diet is the best thing we can do to prevent damage to global wildlife, is vital in battling climate change and will reduce the risk of future pandemics, according to a new report…. To stop the way we eat from damaging biodiversity, the three changes proposed were: a mass shift towards plant-based diets; setting aside more land for protected natural habitats; and adopting more sustainable farming methods.” – Independent

February 6, 2021
The Terrifying Warning Lurking in the Earth’s Ancient Rock Record
“Our planet is fickle. When the unseen tug of celestial bodies points Earth toward a new North Star, for instance, the shift in sunlight can dry up the Sahara, or fill it with hippopotamuses. A variation in the composition of the Earth’s atmosphere of as little as 0.1% has meant the difference between sweltering Arctic rainforests and a half mile of ice atop Boston. That negligible wisp of the air is carbon dioxide.” – The Atlantic

February 5, 2021
Climate change may have driven the emergence of SARS-CoV-2

“A new study published today in the journal Science of the Total Environment provides the first evidence of a mechanism by which climate change could have played a direct role in the emergence of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that caused the COVID-19 pandemic.” – ScienceDaily

February 4, 2021
Cacophony of human noise is hurting all marine life, scientists warn
“The damage caused by noise is as harmful as overfishing, pollution and the climate crisis, the scientists said, but is being dangerously overlooked…. The most obvious impact is the link between military sonar and seismic survey detonations and deafness, mass strandings, and deaths of marine mammals…. ‘Underwater noise is a serious concern and it is growing,’ said Prof Daniel Pauly at the University of British Columbia in Canada, who was not part of the review team. ‘The level of noise marine mammals are exposed to is devastating…. Underwater sound waves are far more violent than sound waves in air.'” – The Guardian

February 4, 2021
‘Historic victory’: France found liable for climate inaction
“A French court on Wednesday held the state responsible for its failure to take sufficient measures to halt climate change, handing a victory to NGOs in a landmark case backed by more than two million citizens. The administrative court in Paris ruled that the government’s failure to convert its commitments on reducing greenhouse gas emissions into policy made it “responsible … for some of the ecological damage seen”.” – Aljazeera

February 3, 2021
U.S. Cities Are Vastly Undercounting Emissions
“When cities try to figure out the amount of greenhouse gases they emit, they tend to undercount — and not just by a little. The average error is nearly 20 percent, according to a study published Tuesday in the journal Nature Communications. The researchers suggested that if that error was consistent across all American cities, the resulting annual missed emissions would be nearly one-quarter higher than those of the entire state of California. Nearly three-quarters of the carbon dioxide generated from fossil fuels comes from cities, the researchers said, and urban areas will continue to boom in coming years.” – The New York Times

February 2, 2021
Stop the Illegal Wildlife Trade: How loopholes in China’s animal protection law risk new virus outbreaks
“’Apart from banning people in China from eating certain kinds of wild animals, the new regulations and amendments introduced last year still allow wildlife breeding and trading for other purposes including fur, medicine or entertainment,’ said Pei Su, the founder of ACTAsia. ‘Under the new law, frogs and snakes can still be consumed as food or be bred for commercial purposes,’ said Jay Fang from the Green Consumers’ Foundation in Taiwan. ‘The only difference before and after the coronavirus pandemic is that some species have disappeared from the market as a source of food.’” – Independent

February 2, 2021
Sea level will rise faster than previously thought
“There are two main elements to observe when assessing sea level rise. One is the loss of the ice on land and the other is that the sea will expand as it gets warmer. Researchers have constructed a new method of quantifying just how fast the sea will react to warming. Former predictions of sea level have been too conservative, so the sea will likely rise more and faster than previously believed.” – ScienceDaily

February 2, 2021
Economics’ failure over destruction of nature presents ‘extreme risks’
“New measures of success needed to avoid catastrophic breakdown, landmark review finds… The world is being put at “extreme risk” by the failure of economics to take account of the rapid depletion of the natural world and needs to find new measures of success to avoid a catastrophic breakdown, a landmark review has concluded.” – The Guardian

January 28, 2021
Marine heatwaves becoming more intense, more frequent
Thinning surface layer of ocean leaves waters more susceptible to extreme warming events
“When thick, the surface layer of the ocean acts as a buffer to extreme marine heating – but a new study shows this ‘mixed layer’ is becoming shallower each year. The thinner it becomes, the easier it is to warm. The new work could explain recent extreme marine heatwaves, and point at a future of more frequent and destructive ocean warming events as global temperatures continue to climb.” – ScienceDaily

January 27, 2021
Doomsday Clock Says World Remains ‘100 Seconds’ From Disaster
“The clock remains set at “100 seconds to midnight” — unchanged from last year, when its hands were moved as close as they had ever been to midnight…. This year, scientists pointed to the woeful response of world leaders to the coronavirus pandemic, the erosion of the public’s faith in science and government institutions, the acceleration of nuclear weapons programs, and the persistent threat of climate change. – The New York Times

January 27, 2021
Shark Populations Are Crashing, With a ‘Very Small Window’ to Avert Disaster

“In just the last half-century, humans have caused a staggering, worldwide drop in the number of sharks and rays that swim the open oceans, scientists have found in the first global assessment of its kind, published Wednesday in the journal Nature. Oceanic sharks and rays have declined by 71 percent since 1970, mainly because of overfishing…. The research offers the latest data point in what is a dismal trajectory for Earth’s biodiversity. From butterflies to elephants, wildlife populations have crashed in recent decades and as many as a million species of animals and plants are at risk of extinction.” – The New York Times

January 27, 2021
Nuclear weapons are finally outlawed, next step is disarmament

“More than 75 years after Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the world’s first multilateral agreement banning nuclear weapons finally enters into force today…. What the treaty does not do, quite obviously, is magically eliminate the world’s current nuclear arsenal…. The world’s nine nuclear-armed states have more than 13,000 nuclear bombs, with command-and-control networks vulnerable to human error and cyberattacks.” – Aljazeera

January 27,, 2021
Teenagers Are the Most Convinced There’s a Climate Emergency
‘Globally, 69% of people under 18 years old believe climate change is an emergency, compared with 58% of those older than 60, according to a survey of 1.2 million people across 50 countries by the United Nations’ Development Program and the University of Oxford. The study doesn’t include China, the world’s biggest emitter of greenhouse gases.” – Bloomberg Green

January 25, 2021
Global Ice Melt Matches Worst-Case Climate Scenario

“The ice sheets are now following the worst-case climate warming scenarios set out by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,” lead author Thomas Slater said in a statement. “Although every region we studied lost ice, losses from the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets have accelerated the most.” Ice melt from sheets and glaciers contributes to global warming and indirectly influences sea level rise, which in turn increases the risk of flooding in coastal communities. Earth’s northern and southern poles are warming more than twice as fast as the rest of the planet. In 2020, a year of record heat, Arctic sea ice extent hovered around the lowest ever for most of the year. ” – Bloomberg Green

January 21, 2021
The Ongoing Collapse of the World’s Aquifers

“When humans over-exploit underground water supplies, the ground collapses like a huge empty water bottle. It’s called subsidence, and it could affect 1.6 billion people by 2040…. The researchers found that, planet-wide, subsidence could threaten 4.6 million square miles of land in the next two decades. While that’s just 8 percent of Earth’s land, humanity tends to build big cities in coastal areas, which are prone to subsidence. So they estimate that, in the end, 1.6 billion people could be affected. ” – Wired

January 21, 2021
Climate change puts hundreds of coastal airports at risk of flooding
“Scientists have found that 269 airports are at risk of coastal flooding now. A temperature rise of 2C – consistent with the Paris Agreement – would lead to 100 airports being below mean sea level and 364 airports at risk of flooding. If global mean temperature rise exceeds this then as many as 572 airports will be at risk by 2100, leading to major disruptions without appropriate adaptation.” – ScienceDaily

January 20, 2021
Limiting air pollution ‘could prevent 50,000 deaths in Europe’
“Limiting air pollution to levels recommended by the World Health Organization could prevent more than 50,000 deaths in Europe annually, according to research. The WHO estimates air pollution kills more than 7 million people each year and is one of the leading causes of sickness and absence from work globally.” – The Guardian

January 14, 2021
‘Carbon-neutrality is a fairy tale’: how the race for renewables is burning Europe’s forests

“Wood pellets are sold as a clean alternative to coal…. In 2015, the Estonian government allowed what is known as clear-cuttinging some parts of the Haanja nature reserve. The practice involves stripping entire areas of mature forest and removing whole tree trunks…. Siim Kuresoo of the non-profit Estonian Fund for Nature (ELF) doesn’t just blame the Estonian government. He says there is a direct connection between the subsidised growth in the biomass industry encouraged by EU renewable energy policies and the acceleration of unsustainable Baltic tree-felling.” – The Guardian

January 13, 2021
Earth to reach temperature tipping point in next 20 to 30 years, new study finds

“Earth’s ability to absorb nearly a third of human-caused carbon emissions through plants could be halved within the next two decades at the current rate of warming, according to a new study in Science Advances…. Using more than two decades of data from measurement towers in every major biome across the globe, the team identified a critical temperature tipping point beyond which plants’ ability to capture and store atmospheric carbon — a cumulative effect referred to as the “land carbon sink” — decreases as temperatures continue to rise.” – ScienceDaily

January 13, 2021
Top scientists warn of ‘ghastly future of mass extinction’ and climate disruption

“’The scale of the threats to the biosphere and all its lifeforms – including humanity – is in fact so great that it is difficult to grasp for even well-informed experts,’ they write in a report in Frontiers in Conservation Sciencewhich references more than 150 studies detailing the world’s major environmental challenges…. The report warns that climate-induced mass migrations, more pandemics and conflicts over resources will be inevitable unless urgent action is taken.” – The Guardian

January 12, 2021
Insect apocalypse: Earth losing up to 2 per cent of its bugs every year, say scientists
‘Climate change, insecticides, herbicides, light pollution, invasive species and changes in agriculture and land use are causing massive insect decline…. Insects ‘are absolutely the fabric by which Mother Nature and the tree of life are built,’ said University of Connecticut entomologist David Wagner, lead author in the special package of 12 studies in Monday’s Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences written by 56 scientists from around the globe.” – South China Morning Post

January 11, 2021
Number of people suffering extreme droughts will double
“A global research effort offers the first worldwide view of how climate change could affect water availability and drought severity in the decades to come. By the late 21st century, global land area and population facing extreme droughts could more than double – increasing from 3% during 1976-2005 to 7%-8%, according to Yadu Pokhrel, associate professor of civil and environmental engineering in MSU’s College of Engineering, and lead author of the research published in Nature Climate Change.” – ScienceDaily

January 8, 2021
22 disasters, 262 dead, $95bn in damages: US saw record year for climate-driven catastrophes
“The US was battered by a record number of weather and climate-driven disasters in 2020 as extensive wildfires scorched the west, hurricanes in quick succession pummeled the east and extreme heat swept across the heart of the country, a new federal government report has shown.” – The Guardian

January 8, 2021
Atmospheric Carbon Levels to Hit Unwelcome 2021 Milestone

“Global atmospheric carbon dioxide levels will be 50% higher this year than before the start of the Industrial Revolution… The majority of the damage has been wrought in the last 30 years as the pace of deforestation and burning of fossil fuels picked up” – Bloomberg Green

January 7, 2021
U.S. Disaster Costs Doubled in 2020, Reflecting Costs of Climate Change

“Hurricanes, wildfires and other disasters across the United States caused $95 billion in damage last year, according to new data, almost double the amount in 2019 and the third-highest losses since 2010.” – The New York Times

January 7, 2021
An international team quantified a dramatic biodiversity collapse of up to 95 per cent of native species in the Eastern Mediterranean
‘Most native species are going locally extinct, while introduced tropical species thrive…. Global warming has led to an increase in sea temperatures beyond those temperatures that Mediterranean species can sustain.” ScienceDaily 

January 6, 2021
‘Like bulldozing a national park’: Experts warn bottom-trawling fishing methods are destroying ecosystems

“A report reveals the destructive technique is taking place in 98 per cent of UK marine protected areas for thousands of hours a year…. Devastating ‘bottom-trawling’ fishing practices – which churn up the ocean floor, destroying ‘vital’ seabed ecosystems and releasing carbon deposits – are taking place in 98 per cent of the UK’s marine protected areas, a disturbing report has warned.” – Independent

January 4, 2021
Iran Increases Uranium Enrichment at Key Nuclear Facility
“Bringing it closer to developing the capacity to produce a nuclear weapon within six months.” – New York Times

December 31, 2020
Hunting for ‘Disease X’
In the Congo rainforest, the doctor who discovered Ebola warns of deadly viruses yet to come…. Experts say the rising number of emerging viruses is largely the result of ecological destruction and wildlife trade…. In the first 14 years of the 21st century, an area larger than the size of Bangladesh was felled in the Congo River basin rainforest. “The United Nations has warned that if the current deforestation and population growth trends continue, the country’s rainforest may have completely disappeared by the end of the century. As that happens, animals and the viruses they carry will collide with people in new and often disastrous ways.” CNN Video

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